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Jul/17

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Architectural Ensemble of the Volokolamsk Kremlin

Volokolamsk, a small town with a population of about 20 thousand people, is located in the Moscow region, 123 km north-west of Moscow.

One of the oldest Russian towns, it was founded on an ancient waterway from Novgorod lands to the Volga-Oka basin. For the first time Volokolamsk was mentioned in chronicles in 1135. Photos by: Dmitry Gazin.

The fortifications of Volokolamsk were repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt again. The last fortress existed until the 17th century, but with the loss of its military significance, it was finally dismantled in the 18th century.

Today, you can see only ancient earthen ramparts. The center of present Volokolamsk is located in the valley. Nearby there is the Kremlin Hill with the cathedral complex of the 15th-19th centuries.

The Kremlin of Volokolamsk includes the Resurrection Cathedral (the 15th century), St. Nicholas Cathedral (the 19th century), the bell tower (the 18th century), and the fence (the late 19th – early 20th centuries).

The Resurrection Cathedral is a single-domed church built of white stone at the end of the 15th century.

St. Nicholas Cathedral, dedicated to the memory of the dead in the Crimean War, was built in 1853-1862. Today, the church houses the funds of the Volokolamsk Historical and Architectural Museum.

In the 1880s, the fence of the cathedral complex with decorative corner towers was completed.

Construction of the five-tier bell tower began in the 18th century. It was significantly rebuilt two times, most recently in the 19th century.

Monument to Prince Vladimir.

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