Russian culture

Russian culture overview

Russian culture is a combination of cultures of various nations of former Russian Empire, Soviet period culture and present day culture of Russia. Russian culture is one of the richest in the world and has numerous features.

Russian Culture

Russian culture facts

The history of Russian culture consists of the following main periods:

  • Ancient Rus culture
  • Russian culture of 13-17th centuries
  • Russian Empire period culture
  • Soviet culture
  • Present day culture of Russia

Russia is a multinational state. There are about 180 various nations living on the territory of Russian Federation. From the historic point of view Russian culture based on Russian language and Orthodox Church is dominating but other cultures also influence the process.

Such cultures as Ukrainian, Byelorussian, Polish, Serbian, Tatar, Bashkir, Kalmyk and others played an important role in cultural development of Russia.

The questions of our visitors

Dave Hall asks: I have been listening to a piece of music called "The assault on Beautiful Gorky" by Shostakovich. Was Gorky ever attacked by the Germans in World War 2?
Expert's answer:

Nice question. After a little investigation I have found that this music is a part of soundtrack from movie "The Unforgettable Year 1919" (1952, Shostakovich was the composer of the movie, the movie is about Civil War of Red and White Russians and the defense of Petrograd (Saint-Petersburg today).

In the track list of the movie this music is called "The Assault on the Red Hill" and sometimes there is a comment that it is "The Assault on Beautiful Gorky". I think that it is the wrong translation of the original Russian name of the music because from the original the word "Krasniy" was translated not as Red but as Beautiful (there are some cases when it is right but this case is not about it) and the second word "Gorka" meaning Hill was not translated and remained almost the same like "Gorky". Looks like a very interesting story with all these wrong translations.

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