Interesting facts about Russia

Russia - the largest country in the world

Russia (officially also the Russian Federation, in practice the abbreviation RF is used too) is a country located in Eastern Europe and North Asia. It is the largest country in the world in terms of territory (about 11,5% of the Earth’s land surface). Moscow is the capital city.

The population of Russia is about 144,300,000 (2015), the area - 17,098,246 sq. km.

Russia flag

Russia flag

Russia coat of arms

Russia coat of arms

Russia national anthem

General facts about Russia

Russia is known as one of the leading space powers in the world. The country is one of the world’s top ten nuclear energy leaders and has the world’s only nuclear icebreaking fleet. Russia has the world’s second largest arsenal of nuclear weapons after the US. It is a permanent member of the UN Security Council with the right of veto.

The Russian Federation borders on such countries as Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Byelorussia, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, North Korea by land, Japan and the USA - by sea.

Russia is washed by the waters of the Pacific and Arctic Oceans, as well as by the Baltic, Black, Azov seas of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caspian Sea, possessing the longest coastline in the world. The length of the territory of Russia from west to east is about 10,000 km, from north to south - more than 4,000 km.

The diversity of the nature of Russia

Adygeya Republic

Adygeya Republic

Author: Sergey Pavlov

Altay Republic

Altay Republic

Author: Alexander Naumov

Karelia Republic

Karelia Republic

Author: Mikhail Grizly


Russian economy, tourism and transport

The country is one of the leaders in the extraction of diamonds, platinum, oil, natural gas, a large exporter of steel, grain, weapons. Russia has one of the world’s largest reserves of freshwater. The largest freshwater lake is Lake Baikal, located in the eastern part of the country (about 31,700 sq. km.), the deepest lake in the world.

More than 70% of the Russian territory is a zone of risky farming. The agricultural season in most of Russia lasts only 2-4 months. At the same time Russia has about 9% of all productive arable land in the world and more than 50% of world chernozem (black earth).

The main tourist routes are trips along the Golden Ring of Russia (ancient Russian towns), cruises along the Volga River and long trips along the Trans-Siberian Railway. Thanks to ancient history, climatic diversity, abundance of historical and natural monuments, sports and cultural events of a global scale, Russia is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world.

The transport system in Russia is characterized by an underdeveloped transport network, although it is one of the most extensive in the world, including more than 120,000 km of railways, 1 million km of roads, 230,000 km of main pipelines, 100,000 km of inland waterways. At the same time, Russia has a developed telecommunications network, including fixed and mobile communications, a network of Internet providers.

Beautiful landscapes of Russia

Krasnodar krai

Krasnodar krai

Author: Vladislav Shutyy

Novgorod oblast

Novgorod oblast

Author: Alexander Valterovich

Kamchatka krai

Kamchatka krai

Author: Korotnev A.V.


Population of Russia

About 78% of the population lives in the European part of Russia, which is less than 25% of the total territory. Russia ranks ninth in the world in terms of population. People prefer to live in cities and towns (the urbanization level is more than 70%).

In total, there are more than 150 cities in Russia (with a population of more than 100 thousand people). 15 cities have a population of more than one million people: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Ekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Samara, Rostov-on-Don, Ufa, Krasnoyarsk, Perm, Voronezh, Volgograd.

Russia is a multiethnic country, distinguished by a great ethnocultural diversity. The greater part (about 75%) of the population refers to Orthodoxy, which makes Russia a country with the largest Orthodox population in the world.

In total, representatives of more than 200 nationalities (ethnic groups) live in Russia. The Russian language is native to about 130 million citizens of Russia.

The national composition according to the 2010 census: Russians (80.9%), Tatars (3.87%), Ukrainians (1.41%), Bashkirs (1.15%), Chuvash (1.05%), Chechens (1.04%), Armenians (0.86%), Avars (0.66%), Mordovians (0.54%), Kazakhs (0.47%), Azerbaijanis (0.44%), Dargins (0.43%), Udmurts (0.4%), Mari (0.4%), Ossetians (0.39%), Belarusians (0.38%), Kabardians (0.38%), Kumyks (0.37%), Yakuts (0.35%), Lezgins (0.35%), Buryats (0.34%), Ingushes (0.32%), and others (3.51%).

Photos and pictures

The beauty of Russia

Khakassia Republic

Khakassia Republic

Author: Oleg Kobytev

Pskov oblast

Pskov oblast

Author: Konstantin Zuev

Tuva Republic

Tuva Republic

Author: Andrey Kireyev


The questions of our visitors

Ash asks: Do packaged foods in Russia have nutrition labels on the back?
Expert's answer:
On the back of packaged food products in Russia you can see the following information: the calorie content in 100 grams of product, the proportion of protein, fat, carbohydrates and the composition of the food product.
georges asks: hello. i want to know how many total territory of the 21 republics of russian federation in sq.km and in present (together) from the total territory of the russian federation. but please in english language (if you can) thank you all very much.
Expert's answer:
The total area of 21 republics is 4,872,700 sq. km. (3,103,200 sq. km. - the Sakha Republic), about 28,5% of the total area of the Russian Federation.
simon asks: Why is it called Russia?
Expert's answer:

Rus is the historical name of the lands of the Eastern Slavs and their state known as Ancient Rus. It was first used as the name of the state in the text of the Russian-Byzantine Treaty of 911. Earlier documents mention the ethnonym Rus as the name of the people.

According to the chronicler of the "Tale of Bygone Years", the name came from the Varangians of the tribe of Rus, who were called by the Novgorod Slavs as a military squad in 862.

In the 15th-16th centuries, the Hellenized name "Rosia" was assigned to the Russian lands, which were united in a single state under the Moscow Principality. The present spelling of the word - with two letters "s" - appeared in the middle of the 17th century.

The comments of our visitors

Liliana Benavente-Gerondelis
Excellent information!
Hello from United States! I am from Peru and married to an Greek-American. I love to learn new cultures and people. Your website is very informative. Thank you.

SC
Fine website
Thank you for this excellent website. I find it very useful. Would like to travel through Russia, west to east, in the future.

Blogger2231
Russia Travel Advice
A trip to Russia costs about 5 thousand dollars including flight, hotel, and Car Rental, but its worth it because you can witness live performances, the kremlin in red square or eat Borscht Soup which has so much ingredients. The Alphabet in Russia is very unique. Get some warm clothes on because it is very cold most of the year, if you haven't seen snow now is a chance to see some.

Peter Krometsek
Hello from Brazil
I am Brazilian, but I was born in Hungary, I Live in Brazil since 1960, I love the Russian culture. Congratulations for this great size,the better of this matter.I am librarian in Technical School in Joao Pessoa City, Paraiba state in Northwest of Brazil.

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