Russia or Russian Federation (both names are official) is a state located in Eurasia region of our planet (eastern part of Europe and northern part of Asia). Russia is the largest country by land area in the world (11,5% of total Earth land area).
The land area of Russia is about 17,075,400 sq. km.; the population is about 141,867,000 (2009).
Russia general facts
About 79% of Russians are living in European part of Russia. The country is the ninth by population in the world. Russian people prefer to live in cities and towns (urbanization level is 73%). Russians are the major nation of the population (80%). The official state language of the country is Russian.
Russia borders on 18 countries including Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Byelorussia, Ukraine, Abkhazia, Georgia, South Ossetia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, Northern Korea by land and Japan, USA by sea.
After the collapse of Soviet Union at the end of 1991 Russian Federation was recognized as continuer state of USSR and received its place in Security Council of United Nations. Russia is a member of such international organizations as United Nations, Commonwealth of Independent States, Eurasian Economic Community, The Organization of Central Asian Cooperation, Collective Security Treaty Organization, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and others.
Russia has the largest deposits of mineral and energy resources in the world. Also the country has the largest number of lakes, wood and water resources. About 25% of world sweet water resources belong to Russia.
The capital and administrative center of Russia is Moscow city. The total number of cities with the population over 1 million is 11. Among them are Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Ekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Omsk, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Rostov-on-Don, Ufa.