Russian politics overview
Russia (Russian Federation) is a federative presidential republic. The political system of Russia is defined by The Constitution of Russia approved on nationwide referendum in December 12, 1993. The head of Russian state is the President of Russia elected every 6 years on national vote.
Russian politics facts
According to Russian Constitution the President has the rights to lead international politics of the country. He is the Supreme Commander in Chief of Russian military forces. The President approves the Head of Russian Government with the agreement of Russian Parliament Lower Chamber (State Duma) and makes a decision of resignation of the Government. Here is the official site of the President of Russian Federation
The legislative power is realized by Federal Assembly - Russian Parliament consisting of Upper Chamber (Federation Council; 2 members for every region of Russia) and Lower Chamber (State Duma; 450 deputies elected on national vote by parties lists; State Duma of Russia video).
The executive power is realized by Russian Government. The system of federal bodies includes federal ministries, federal services and federal agencies.
The judicial power is realized by courts: The Constitutional Court, general courts headed by Supreme Court and arbitration courts headed by Supreme Arbitration Court.
Russian political parties
According to Russian Federal Law “About political parties” there are 7 officially registered political parties in Russia (August 2009). Four of them are represented in State Duma (“Edinaya Rossiya” meaning “united Russia”; Communist Party of Russian Federation (KPRF); “Spravedlivaya Rossiya” meaning “fair Russia”; Liberal Democratic Party of Russia - LDPR).