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The State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky in Kaluga (Akademika Koroleva Street, 2) is the world’s first and largest space museum in Russia, created with the direct participation of S.P. Korolev and Yu. A. Gagarin.

The museum has an extensive exposition telling about the history of aeronautics, aviation, rocket and space technology. Photos by: Sergey Rubtsov.

museum with unique exhibits

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In the late 1970s, after the closure of the Soviet lunar program and work on the super-heavy carrier rocket N1, the development of a new super-heavy rocket called “Energy” began.

The first launch was made in 1987, and, in 1988, the rocket put into orbit the Soviet space shuttle “Buran.” Photos by: Ralph Mirebs.

The space launch vehicle Energy-M, Baikonur, Russia, photo 1

abandoned rocket

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June 2, 2015, Baikonur Cosmodrome, the cradle of space exploration and the largest Russian spaceport, celebrated its 60th anniversary. Over the years, a lot of different space vehicles were tested on its territory, the apex of which was the system of “Energy-Buran”. But history has chosen its path and the project died in infancy.

More than two decades ago, heavy sliding doors of an assembling and filling complex were closed cutting off two orbiting spacecraft from the sky. How ironic that the birthplace of these spaceships became their burial place.

Abandoned spaceships Energy-Buran, Baikonur cosmodrome, photo 1

the remnants of the Soviet shuttles

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The Vostochny (“Eastern”) Cosmodrome is the future Russian spaceport being constructed near the village of Uglegorsk in Amur region, in the Far East.

In September 2011, the preparatory construction work began, and, in mid-2012, the full-scale construction of infrastructure and technological facilities of the cosmodrome started. Photos by: Stepanov Slava.

Construction of cosmodrome Vostochny, Russia, photo 1

walk through the unique construction site

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One-year trip to the ISS has just begun

Just minutes ago, “Soyuz TMA-16M” spacecraft has been launched from Baikonur cosmodrome to the International Space Station.

The crew includes Russian cosmonauts Gennady Padalka and Mikhail Kornienko and the U.S. astronaut Scott Kelly. The expedition of Kornienko and Kelly will last one year.

Soyuz TMA-16M crew

more info about the mission

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Tomorrow, April 12, the world will mark the International Day of Human Space Flight, known as Cosmonautics Day in Russia.

About two weeks before that, March 26, 2014, Russian spacecraft “Soyuz TMA-12M” with two Russian cosmonauts (Alexander Skvortsov and Oleg Artemyev) and one NASA astronaut (Steve Swanson) was launched from Baikonur cosmodrome to the International Space Station. Photos by Slava Stepanov

The launch of the 39th expedition to the ISS, Baikonur, photo 1

rocket launch from Baikonur

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Currently this place is known as the All-Russian Exhibition Centre – exhibition complex in the northeast region of Moscow, the second largest exhibition center in Moscow. In Soviet times, this complex was known as the Exhibition of Achievements of National Economy of the USSR.

Since 1967, the latest models of Soviet space technology were exhibited in a special pavilion “Space”. It was the pride of Soviet science and technology. These pictures were taken by Rob Ketcherside in 1969 at the peak of interest in space travel. The photos were originally published in sovietdetstvo

Pavilion Space - Exhibition of Soviet Achievements, Moscow, Russia photo 1

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Abandoned Research Institute of Corrosion is located somewhere in the Moscow region. The institute was working on studying the effects of different environments and conditions on certain substances.

In the late 1980s due to lack of funding the institute was closed. Now this is the place where you can feel the atmosphere of the Soviet Union.

Abandoned bomb shelter, Russia view 1

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Soyuz Commander Anton Shkaplerov, NASA Flight Engineer Dan Burbank and Russian Flight Engineer Anatoly Ivanishin launched on the Russian Soyuz TMA-22 spacecraft on November 14, 2011, (November 13 in the United States) from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to begin a two-day journey to the International Space Station.

Interesting video about the launch and the last preparations.

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RadioAstron (Spektr R) is a Russian orbital radio telescope.

It is funded by the Russian Astro Space Center, and was launched into Earth orbit on 18 July 2011, with a perigee of 10,000 kilometers (6,200 mi) and an apogee of 390,000 kilometers (240,000 mi).

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