Syktyvkar (also spelled Syktivkar) is a city in Russia, the capital of Komi Republic. It is standing on the left bank of the river Sysola, 1298 km north-east of Moscow.
Till 1930, the city was called Ust-Sysolsk. The current name of the city - Syktyvkar - in the Komi language means “the city on the river Sysola”. Sysola in Komi sounds as “Syktyv”, and the “city” - as “kar”.
Syktyvkar has the population of 253,000 (2012), land area - 152 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 8212; postal codes - 167000-167031.
In 1780, by Catherine’s II order Ust-Sysola was renamed to the town of Ust-Sysolsk. Within the 19th century, Ust-Sysolsk turned into a big commercial center in the Russian north.
In the early 19th century, it was a small provincial town with the population of 6 500, 95 per cent of whom were the Komi people. In 1930, when the town was 150 years, it was renamed to Syktyvkar.
All governmental institutions of legislative and executive power of the Republic of Komi are situated in Syktyvkar. The climate is continental, with a long severe winter and a short warm summer.
The city is a social and business center of the Republic of Komi. It is the industrial center in the north of Russia. There are about 40 big plants in Syktyvkar, one third of which is of all-Russia importance. The industry is presented with more than 10 branches. About 62 per cent of the product is that of wood-working and pulp and paper industries.
There is a train station “Syktyvkar”, a railway station “Chovyu” (industrial juncture), a passenger platform “Ezhva”, a railway station “Koity” as well as an airport. Now a new airport 20 km far from Syktyvkar is being constructed.
Sykyvkar is one of the largest scientific centers in the European North of Russia. There are about 30 research institutions in the city.
Syktyvkar places of interest
Syktyvkar is a cultural capital of Komi Republic. There is a Republican Theater of opera and ballet, National theater of music and drama, Savin State Academy Drama Theater and one of favorite places among inhabitants of Syktyvkar - a Philharmonic Society of the Republic.
National Museum of Komi Republic is the largest in the region as well as National Gallery of the Republic of Komi. Well known are the Chernov geological museum, museum of archaeology and ethnography.