Novgorod region overview
Novgorod oblast (region) (also spelled Novgorodskaya) is located in the northwestern part of European Russia (Northwestern Federal District).
The administrative center and capital city of the region is Velikiy Novgorod (Novgorod the Great). The region is a home to Russian most ancient cities like Veliky Novgorod and Staraya Russa.
Novgorod region population is about 626,000 (2012); land area - 54,501 sq. km.
Novgorod region facts
Novgorod province is located in the north-west of European part of Russia. The region is located in forest area (southern taiga and mixed forests). Forests occupy over 60% of the region territory. There is the Valdaysky national park and Rdeysky reserve in the region.
The climate is of continental type, close to sea type, is characterized by surplus humidity. Summers as a rule are not hot, springs are warm and long, winters - mild and autumns cool and long.
Main mineral deposits of the region are peat, brown coal, fire-clay and construction clay, bauxites. The region is rich in mineral and radon springs, curing mud (since the 19th century well-known curing resort “Staraya Russa”).
Novgorodskaya oblast is the leader in deposits of underground mineral water in North-Western region. New deposits have been prospected lately.
The largest cities and towns of Novgorod region are Velikiy Novgorod (220,000), Borovichy (53,000), Staraya Russa (31,000), Valday (16,000).
Novgorod region nature
Novgorod region landscape
Novgorod region history
It’s generally considered that in the 6th century Krivichy tribes came to these lands and in the 8th century Sloven tribes arrived. Finno-Ugric tribes also lived here, they left a lot of traces in the names of numerous lakes and rivers.
From the 8th-9th centuries (from 862) - Novgorod lands; 882-1136 - a part of Kievan Rus; 1136-1478 - a part of Novgorodskay Republic. In 1478, Novgorod land was joined to Moscow principality.
From 1708 - a part of Ingermanlandskaya gubernia. From 1727, the territory of present Novgorod region was a western part of Novgorodskaya gubernia, from 1918 - also a part of Cherepovetskaya gubernia, from 1921, both gubernias were a part of North-West oblast.
On August 1, 1927, both gubernias were abolished and the territory became a part of Novgorodsky, Borovichsky districts and western part of Cherepovetsky district of Leningradskaya oblast. On July 5, 1944, Novgorodskaya oblast was formed based on districts of Leningradskaya oblast and the cities of Novgorod, Borovichi and Staraya Russa.
Novgorod province scenery
Novgorodskaya oblast country road
Novgorod province scenery
Novgorod region economics
Novgorod region industries produce about 40% of gross regional output and makes 88% of all the income, about 21,5% of the population work in its industry. The plants are located mainly in the center of the province - Velikiy Novgorod (30% of the plants and over 50% of industrial output) and the cities Borovichi, Staray Russa and Chudovo. The region makes less than 1% of all the output of Russia.
Wood processing industries make 90% of all the industrial output, the leading industries are as follows: chemical, metallurgical, wood processing and paper and pulp industries, food industry, machine and tool building industries including electronic, optical and power engineering tools. About 90% of agricultural plants of the region are milk producing.
The territory of the region is crossed by the federal highway M10 (E105): Moscow - Saint-Petersburg (“Russia”), Saint-Petersburg - Vyborg (“Scandinavia”).