Nenets region overview
Nenets autonomous region (okrug) (also spelled Nenetsky or Nenetsia) is a part of North-Western federal district. The administrative center of the region is the city of Naryan-Mar.
The region is located in the north of East-European plain with the largest part located behind the Arctic Circle. The province comprises islands Kolguyev and Vaigach, peninsula Kanin and is washed by the White, Barentsev, Pechorsky and Karsky Seas of the Arctic Ocean.
Nenets autonomous region has the population of about 43,000 (2012) on the territory of 176,810 sq. km.
Nenets region history
First settlements on the territory of Nenets region refer to 8,000 B.C. (paleolith). There are a lot of sites of bronze epoch (2,000-1,000 B.C.). In the 5th-13th centuries A.C., undefined tribes lived here, Russians called them “pechera”, Nenets - “sirtya”.
Nenets people migrated to the territory of the region from the Lower Ob in 1,000 A.C. At the same time the colonization of extreme north-east of Europe by Novgorod people began. Russian chronicles mentioned Pechora and Yugra’s depending from Kievan princes in the 9th century.
Novgorod power over Pechora was finally established in the 13th-15th centuries. After Novgorod was joined to Moscow (1478), the Moscow state also got the territory of present Nenets autonomous region.
In 1500, the military expedition of prince Semyon Kurbski to Pechora founded the fortress Pustozersk. This non-preserved town for ages was the administrative and trade center of all the lands from Mezen to the Urals.
Lower Pechora and the Barentsev Sea coast were assimilated beside the Russians (Pomors) and the Nenets, also by Komi-Zyryans, Komi-Permyaks and Komi-Izhemts. In the 18th century, Pomors started the inhabiting of Kanin peninsula.
In the 19th and the early 20th centuries, the territory of the region was a part of Arkhangelsk gubernia. The okrug was founded in 1929 and named Nenets national okrug, in 1977, it was renamed to “autonomous”.
Nenets autonomous region views
Nenets autonomous region view
Nenetsky region reindeers
Nenets region climate and resources
The climate of Nenets region is severe: average temperature in January is from -12 degrees Celsius in south-west to -22 degrees C in north-east, average temperature in July from +6 degrees C in the north to +13 degrees C in the south.
The social and economic development of Nenets autonomous region is defined by mineral and raw materials. In the total industrial output produced in the province the product of oil-producing industry makes over 90%.
The region is located in the northern part of Timano-Pechorskaya oil- and gas-field province which has considerable prospected and predicted oil and gas deposits.
About 80 deposits of hydrocarbon resources were found in Nenets region. 16 deposits are being worked at, 19 of them are prepared for work, 38 are being prospected and 2 are temporary closed down.
Nenets autonomous okrug is one of the most prospective regions in Russia for development of oil-producing because the prospected deposits of oil are only 8% worked out, of gas - less than 1%.
Side by side with gas and oil, fuel and power resources of the region include coal. Deposits of manganese, nickel, copper, molybdenum, gold and diamonds are found, but they are not prospected. On Vaigach Island lead, zinc and copper ores are found.