Nenets okrug overview
Nenets autonomous okrug (also spelled Nenetsky or Nenetsia) is a part of North-Western federal district. The administrative center of the region is the city of Naryan-Mar. Nenets autonomous okrug is located in the north of East-European plain with the largest part located behind the Arctic Circle.
The region comprises islands Kolguyev and Vaigach, peninsula Kanin and is washed by White, Barentsev, Pechorsky and Karsky Seas of the Arctic Ocean.
Nenets autonomous okrug has the population of about 42,000 (2010) on the territory of 176,700 sq. km.
Nenets okrug history
First settlements on the territory of Nenets region refer to 8,000 B.C. (paleolith). There are a lot of sites of bronze epoch (2,000-1,000 B.C.). In 5th-13th centuries A.C. undefined tribes lived here, Russians called them “pechera”, Nenets - “sirtya”.
Nenets people migrated to the territory of the okrug from the Lower Ob in 1,000 A.C. At about the same time the colonization of extreme north-east of Europe by Novgorod people began. Russian chronicles mentioned Pechora and Yugra’s depending from Kievan princes in the 9th century.
Novgorod power over Pechora was finally established in 13-15th centuries. After Novgorod was joined to Moscow (1478), the Moscow state also got the territory of current Nenets autonomous okrug.
In 1500 the military expedition of prince Semyon Kurbski to Pechora founded the fortress Pustozersk. This non-preserved town for ages was the administrative and trade center of all the lands from Mezen to the Urals.
Lower Pechora and Barentsev Sea coast were assimilated beside the Russians (Pomors) and the Nenets, also by Komi-Zyryans, Komi-Permyaks and Komi-Izhemts. In 18th century Pomors started the inhabiting of Kanin peninsula.
In 19th and early 20th centuries the territory of the okrug was a part of Arkhangelsk gubernia. The okrug was founded in 1929 and named Nenets national okrug, in 1977 was renamed to autonomous.
Nenets autonomous okrug views
Nenets autonomous okrug view
Nenetsia region winter view
Nenetsky region reindeers view
Nenets okrug climate and resources
The climate of Nenets region is severe: average temperature in January is from -12C in south-west to -22C in north-east, average temperature in July from +6C in the north to +13C in the south.
The social and economic development of Nenets autonomous okrug is defined by mineral and raw materials. In the total industrial output produced in the okrug the product of oil-producing industry makes over 90%. The okrug is located in the northern part of Timano-Pechorskaya oil- and gas-field province which has considerable prospected and predicted oil and gas deposits.
About 80 deposits of hydrocarbon resources were found in Nenets region. 16 deposits are being worked at, 19 of them are prepared for work, 38 are being prospected and 2 are temporary closed down.
Nenets autonomous okrug is one of the most prospective regions in Russia for development of oil-producing because the prospected deposits of oil are only 8% worked out, of gas - less than 1%.
Side by side with gas and oil fuel and power resources of the okrug include coal. Deposits of manganese, nickel, copper, molybdenum, gold and diamonds are found, but they are not prospected. On Vaigach island lead, zinc and copper ores are found.