Komi Republic overview
Komi Republic (also spelled Komy) is located in North-Western part of the Russian Federation, part of North-Western Federal District. Komi is a multinational republic.
The population consists of about one hundred nationalities including 23% of native Komi people. Administrative center and capital city of Komi republic is Syktyvkar.
Komi Republic population is about 881,000 (2012) on the land area of 416,774 sq. km.
Komi Republic history
In the Middle Ages, the lands of Komi were a part of Novgorod Republic, at the end of the 15th century - of Moscow state. The most important goods taken beyond the region was fur.
Due to severe climate and absence of all-year round roads the territory remained weakly populated for a long time, although still in the mid 18th century oil extracting began near the river Ukhta.
Commercial development of Komi and population growth began in 1930-1950s and was connected with GULag and its branches (Ukhtpechlag and others). In the early 1930s, large deposits of coal were found in Komi region, it was mined during the World War II to compensate the loss of Donbass.
At that very time the imprisoned people built the railway “Ukhta-Pechora-Inta-Vorkuta” (1942) to carry coal, oil and timber. At the end of 1950s, GULag was abolished but a lot of prisons still exist on the territory of the republic.
During post-Soviet period the industry in Komi was in crisis, a lot of inhabitants left the Republic (within 1990-2007 the Republic became 22% less populated).
The most important dates in the modern history of Republic of Komi: May 26, 1992 - Komi SSR was reformed into Republic of Komi; February 17, 1994 - the Constitution of Komi Republic was adopted; June 6, 1994 - coat of arms, flag and hymn of Komi Republic were adopted.
Komi Republic nature
Komi republic nature view
Komi Republic natural resources
Komi Republic has unique stocks of mineral resources represented by combustible minerals, oil and natural gas, metal ores, minerals and balneological resources. The fuel resources are represented by oil and natural gas of Timano-Pechorsky oil field, coke and energetic coals of Pechorsky coal deposits, peat and timber resources.
About half of oil and gas stock of the Russian European North is concentrated here (geological potential of oil and gas stocks exceeds 6 billion tons). The total coal stock is estimated at more than 213 billion tons. Titan deposits are the largest in Russia and neighboring countries.
Nowadays, Komi Republic is becoming one of the biggest and important suppliers of bauxite and manganese ores. Industrial supplies of sulfur, diamonds, rubies and amethysts can be found and explored on the territory of the region. About 65% of Komi republic territory is covered by forests.
Komi Republic economics
Present day Komi Republic is a well developed region of the Russian Federation. Industrial and social infrastructure has transport communication, own electric power and heater supply, produced from own fuel.
Komi Republic industry is composed of more than 30 branches. Fuel and raw material branches dominate and produce about 80% of the total industrial products. Komi Republic is represented as big exporter of fuel, raw materials and other goods.
Komi Republic views
Komi Republic places of interest
In 2008, there were 95 officially mentioned nature sights on the territory of Komi Republic. Among them are:
- “The ruins of ancient town” on plateau Torre-Porre-Iz.
- “Karstic Iordan ravine” on the right bank of Malaya Pechora river, 16 km up from where Bolshoi Shezhim flows into it.
- “Verkhniye Vorota (Upper Gates)” on the river Bolshaya Synya (located 55 km up the railway bridge).
- “Koltso (Ring)” on the river Sharyu (30 km from Usinsk, “A Window to Usinsk oil”).
- Caves: “Kaninskaya” 47 km up the mouth of the river Unya on the right bank of Pechora, “Unyinskaya” 110 km from Unya mouth, “Ledyanaya (Icy)”, “Tufovaya (Tuff)” and “Medvezhya peshera (Bear’s cavern)” in Iordan ravine, where one of the farthest northern site of Paleolithic man was found and the largest in European north whereabouts of mammoth’s bones, hairy rhinoceros and cavern bear.
These are the candidates for the title “Seven Wonders of Russia” from the Republic of Komi:
- Bogatyr-Shelye, a rock, a geological monument, located on the river Bolshaya Synya 25 km from the farm Synya.
- Shugor, a river. “Verkhniye Vorota (Upper Gates)” (located 73 km from the river mouth), “Sredniye Vorota (Middle Gates)” (9 km lower of Upper Gates), “Nizhniye Vorota (Lower Gates)” (the most picturesque place is 22 km from the mouth, on the right bank) and waterfalls “Veldor-Kyrta-El” in the rocks on the bank of Upper Gates, these are geological monuments.
- Lyokiz, a number of rocks, a geological monument, is located on the right bank of the river Ilych, 4 km lower of a stream B.Sotchemyol, Pechoro-Ilychsky reserve.
- Pillars on plateau Manpupunyor, a geological monument, is located between rivers Ichotlyaga and Pechora. The pillars are one of the winners of the contest “Seven Wonders of Russia”.
- The city of Inta. Kozhimsky and Syvyusky geological monuments, “Golden baba”, a rock “Rif”, a rock “Monakh”, “Kayuk-Nyrd”, “Nortnicha-el”, a cedar monument “Vadcharty” - nature sites on the river Kozhim, Inta city soviet.
- An old settlement Yb on seven hills (located 50 km to the south of Syktyvkar), on the bank of the Sysola river there are sites of Jurassic period. This geological monument is known for a long time. Local people often find the fossil remnants here. Due to hot and dry summers and low water level in Sysola the remnants of pre-historical animals - ichthyosaurus and plesiosaurus became systematic, not sudden ones.