Leningrad oblast (region), Russia (Leningradskaya)

The capital city of Leningrad oblast: Saint Petersburg.

Leningrad region overview

Leningrad oblast (region) (also spelled Leningradskaya) is a federal subject of Russia, part of Northwestern Federal District. The capital city and administrative center is Saint Petersburg.

The region was formed as a result of administrative reform of August, 1, 1927. Before that it was Ingermanland (later Saint-Petersburg, Petrograd, Leningrad) oblast, formed in 1708. The institutions of state power are situated in Saint-Petersburg (from 1924 to 1991 - Leningrad, such is the name of the region).

Leningrad region population is about 1,751,000 (2012); land area - 83,908 sq. km.

Leningrad oblast flag

Leningrad oblast flag

Leningrad oblast coat of arms

Leningrad oblast coat of arms

Leningrad oblast map, Russia


Leningrad region nature

Leningrad region is located on Eastern-European (Russian) lowland. This explains a small number of hills (mainly 50-150 meters above sea level). The territory of Karelian neck (especially its north-eastern part) differs in broken ground and numerous rocks. The climate is continental. Sea air provides mild winters with frequent thaws and moderate warm summers.

The region territory except a small south-eastern part refers to the Baltic Sea basin and has a thick, well developed net of rivers. The total length of all the rivers in Leningrad region is about 50 000 km. There are also 1800 lakes, including Ladoga Lake - the largest in Europe. Most part of the region is marshland.

Leningrad region nature

Leningrad region nature view

Leningrad region nature view

Author: Roman Rozanov

Leningrad region landscape

Leningrad region landscape

Author: Igor Los

Leningrad region field

Leningrad region field

Author: Vitaliy Karputkin


Leningrad region history

The most ancient settlements on the territory of present Leningrad province appeared in 9000-8000 B.C. after the glacier retrieved. By the mid 1000 A.D. Finno-Ugric tribes practicing agriculture, cattle-breeding, hunting and fishing lived here. In the 8th century, the Slavs came here.

About 750s, Ladoga appeared (since the 18th century - Old Ladoga) - the most ancient Russian settlement on the territory of Russia. In the 9th-10th centuries, Ladoga became an important political and economic center of Ancient Rus formation. Only at the end of the 10th century it fails to hold its importance, yielding to Novgorod.

In the 13th-14th centuries, people in these lands had to fight with Livon knights and Swedish feudal lords. In 1240, famous Neva Battle took place in which Russian troops headed by Prince Alexander Yaroslavich defeated Swedish troops. In January, 1478, Novgorod republic was put an end as it was captured by Moscow principality.

In the early 17th century, during the Time of Troubles, Russia was cut off the Baltic Sea: the north-eastern part of the country was captured by Sweden. Russia’s try to return the lost territory in 1656-1658 didn’t work.

In the early 18th century, during the Northern War the territory of the region was annexed to Russia and a new capital of the state was built here. In 1708, Ingermanland region was formed. In 1710, it was renamed into Saint-Petersburg, in 1914 - Petrograd, in 1924 - Leningrad region.

During the World War II, most of the territory of the region was occupied and severely suffered. When Leningrad was besieged the only road called “The Road of Life” went through the region connecting the besieged city with the country.

Leningrad region economics

Industry is the basis of Leningrad region economics. Such industries as food industry, transport equipment, oil product, pulp and paper industry prevail. The part of gas line “North Stream” is located in the region.

Leningrad nuclear power station is situated in Sosnovy Bor. Machine-building plants are situated in different towns of the province. The plant “Ford” is situated in Vsevolozhsk, the construction machine producing plant “Caterpillar” - in Tosno.

Leningrad region scenery

Leningrad province scenery

Leningrad province scenery

Author: Sergei Baranov

Leningrad region scenery

Leningrad region scenery

Author: Sergei Baranov

Leningrad oblast scenery

Leningrad oblast scenery

Author: Mikhail Petrov


Leningrad region facts

Most of the population of the region are Russians. A lot of other Slavic nationalities live here - Ukrainians, Byelorusses.

The transportation net of Leningrad region is well developed due to Saint-Petersburg - one of the largest transport junctions in Russia: buses, water transportation, “Pulkovo” airport of Saint-Petersburg.

Leningrad region attractions

In 1990, a number of monuments of history and culture of Leningrad region were included into the list of UNESCO World Heritage:

  • The fortifications “Seraya Loshad” (Grey Horse) and “Krasnaya Gorka” (Red Hill)
  • Historical part of the city Shlisselburg
  • The fortress “Oreshek”
  • Palace and Parks in Ropsha, Gostilitza, Taytz, Gatchina
  • The statue to Finnish soldiers in Melnikovo

Among the other places of interest are:

  • Staraya Ladoga - ancient capital of Northern Russia
  • Vyborg - Vyborg castle
  • Tihvin - Assumption monastery, house - memorial of Rimsky-Korsakov
  • Ivangorod - Ivangorod fortress
  • Priozyorsk - fortress “Korela”
  • Koporye - a fortress
  • Vsevolozhsk - museum estate “Priyutino”
  • Island Konevets - a monastery; wooden churches of Svir (“Golden Ring of Leningrad oblast”)
  • Tervenichi and Zelenets - monasteries
  • Lisino - buildings designed by N.L.Benua
  • Izvara - museum estate of Roerich
  • Vyra - museum “A House of a Post-Master”)

Leningrad oblast of Russia photos

Leningrad region pictures

Leningrad region view

Leningrad region view

Author: Moskaluk Vitaliy

Leningrad region village

Leningrad region village

Author: Zhelne Yuri

Leningradskaya province winter

Leningradskaya province winter

Author: Stanislav Kostin


Leningradskaya oblast views

Leningradskaya oblast railway bridge

Leningradskaya oblast railway bridge

Author: Antonio Racter

Leningrad region abandoned church

Leningrad region abandoned church

Author: Logutenkov Andrey

Leningrad region cathedral

Leningrad region cathedral

Author: Semyonov A.V.


The comments of our visitors

Kita Sakiu
beautiful
This was very helpful to me. I am writing a fan story and it takes place in Russia. I do not know very much about this area and reading about it and seeing the pictures definitely helped me write about the landscape. i will mention that the pictures are very beautiful.

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