Stavropol region overview
Stavropol krai (region) (also spelled Stavropolsky) is situated in the central part of Predkavkazie and on the northern range of the Big Caucasus (North Caucasian Federal District). Administrative center and capital city of the region is Stavropol.
Stavropol region population is about 2,791,000 (2012); land area - 66,160 sq. km.
Stavropol region facts
Natural deposits of Stavropol province are gas, oil, complex ores (containing uranium), construction materials. Four large deposits of geothermal waters are prospected. Mineral curing waters are a special feature of the region.
The climate is of moderate continental type. The average temperature in January is 5 degrees Celsius (in mountains - 10 degrees C) below zero, in July - from 22 degrees C to 25 degrees C above zero.
Stavropol region is divided into 26 districts, 10 towns of regional submission, 8 towns of district submission, 7 town settlements, 267 villages.
Main cities and towns are Stavropol (405,000), Pyatigorsk (144,000), Kislovodsk (129,000), Nevinnomyssk (118,000), Yessentuky (102,000), Mineralnie Vody (76,000).
Stavropol region nature
Stavropol region nature view
Stavropol region landscape
Stavropol region history
In 1777, according to Catherine II order, Azov-Mozdok defense line was founded. It favored Northern Caucasus inhabiting. From that time Stavropol region lands were the part of Astrakhan region.
In 1785, the Caucasian region ruled by governor-general was formed, it consisted of Astrakhan and Caucasian regions with the center in Yekaterinograd, at present it is stanitsa (large Cossack village) Yekaterinogradskaya in Kabardino-Balkaria.
The territories of present Stavropol province were the most part of Caucasian region. In 1790, the Caucasian region was abolished and its territory again became a part of Astrakhan region.
In 1802, according to Emperor Alexander I order, the Caucasian gubernia was formed with the center in the town of Georgiyevsk. In 1822, the Caucasian gubernia was reformed into Caucasian oblast within the previous boundaries. In 1847, the Caucasian oblast was reformed into Stavropol gubernia within its former boundaries.
In 1860, newly formed Terskaya and Kubanskaya regions left the Stavropol gubernia and the territory of the region was approximately within present boundaries. Stavropol gubernia remained as it was like till 1924 with little changes.
In October 1924, North-Caucasian region was formed and Stavropol gubernia was reformed into a district within the region. On January 10, 1934, the North-Caucasian krai was divided into Azovo-Chernomorsky and North-Caucasian. The city of Pyatigorsk became the center of North-Caucasian krai.
In March 1936, the North-Caucasian krai was reformed and on its territory Ordzhonikidze krai with the center in Stavropol was formed. In 1941, it was renamed Stavropol krai.
Stavropol region views
Stavropol region economics
Main industries of Stavropol region are as follows:
- machine-building (power engineering equipment, tools, gadgets, automobile cranes and trailers)
- power engineering
- oil and gas extraction and processing
- food (wine-making, butter- and fat-making, canning in Georgiyevsk, sugar-making in Stavropol)
- chemical (mineral fertilizers in Nevinnomyssk)
- construction materials (glass-making in Mineralnye Vody)
- light (wool-making in Nevinnomyssk, leather-producing in Budyonovsk)
- microbiological (Stavropol).
Agriculture is presented by crops and sunflower growing, cattle-breeding is developed, fine wool sheep-breeding. Fruit- and grapes growing, poultry farming, pig-breeding and bee-keeping are developed. Agriculture is one of the most important branches of Stavropol province economics, over 150,000 people are busy in agriculture.
The main highway of the region is M29 “Caucasus” crossing Nevinnomyssk, Mineralnye Vody and Pyatigorsk. There are international airports in Stavropol (Shpakovskoye) and Mineralnye Vody. There is a very dense and long net of main oil- and gas pipelines.
Caucasian Mineralnye Vody is the largest curing resort region in the Russian Federation which doesn’t have any analogy either in Europe or Asia in variety, content, quantity and value. Curing potential of these mineral springs has been known by the local population for a long time. Legends combining both truth and fantasy tell about it, too.
Such legends echo reflected in the name of one popular local mineral water - narzan. This word can be translated into Russian as “Hercules’ beverage”, “Water of Hercules”.