Karachay-Cherkessia Republic overview
Karachay-Cherkessia Republic (also spelled Karachay-Cherkess, Karachaevo-Cherkessia) is located in the northern part of Big Caucasus, to the east and north from Elbrus, part of North Caucasian Federal District.
The length of republic territory from north to south is 140 km, from west to east - 170 km. Administrative center and capital city is Cherkessk.
Karachay-Cherkessia Republic population - 472,000 (2012); land area - 14,277 sq. km.
Karachay-Cherkessia Republic history
Karachay-Cherkessia as a constituent of Stavropol region was founded in 1922. In 1926, it was divided into 3 parts: Karachay autonomous region, Cherkessia national okrug, Batalpashinsky district. Karachay autonomous region existed till 1943.
Its population was accused of collaboration with German troops, was subjected to repression and deported to the Middle Asia and Kazakhstan.
In 1957, the people came back to the motherland. In 1990, Karachay-Cherkessia autonomous region became the republic as a constituent of the Russian Federation.
The majorities of Karachay-Cherkessia Republic population are Karachais and Russians. Karachais are the most numerous people among highland peoples. Cherkassians and Abazins make up 16% of population of the republic.
Karachay-Cherkessia Republic nature
Karachay-Cherkessia republic nature view
Karachay-Cherkessia Russia mountains
Karachay-Cherkessia Republic economics
Main industries of the region are chemical, oil-chemical, food and light, tourism. The economics depends on functioning of tourism, resort and sports complex.
Karachay-Cherkessia region is divided into 8 districts. There are 2 towns of republican submission, 2 towns of district submission, 11 town settlements, 59 villages.