Stavropol (from 1777 till 1935 - Stavropol-Kavkazsky, from 1935 till 1943 - Voroshilovsk) is a city in the south of Russia, an administrative center of Stavropolsky krai as well as cultural, business and industrial (machine-building, tool-making) center of the region.
Till 1935, the city was called Stavropol-Kavkazsky unlike Stavropol on the Volga River. When the city on the Volga was renamed, the ending “Kavkazsky” came out of use.
Stavropol population is about 405,000 (2012).
The phone code is +7 8652; postal codes - 355000-355099.
Stavropol appeared as an outpost serving for strengthening and enlarging the borders of the Russian state when it was establishing itself as a great country. Stavropol grew out of the town founded in 1777. Very soon it became an important economic center in Northern Caucasus.
The fortress was of polygonal shape, it was based on two crossing each other axis which reminded a cross. According to another version, the constructors while making a foundation found a large cross made of stone. It’s not known who brought the cross to the region which was not enough inhabited. This fact is reflected not only in the name of the city but also in its flag and coat of arms.
Stavropol is a city where streets and houses keep the memories of A.S.Pushkin, M.Yu.Lermontov, L.N.Tolstoy, A.S.Griboyedov, V.G.Belinsky and A.I.Odoyevsky. From 1843 till 1847, famous Russian medical doctor Pirogov N.I. worked in the military hospital the first one in the Caucasus.
The city is one of the centers of enlightenment, science and culture in Stavropolsky region. The first Russian Drama theater, the first newspaper, the first public library and the first museum of local study - that’s what Stavropol did for the development of culture and education in Northern Caucasus. In 1926, the Stavropol radio - one of the first in the Soviet Russia - started broadcasting.
In September 2000, in order to commemorate the foundation of the city and the third millennium, the Stone cross “The Symbol of Stavropol” was erected on Krepostnaya hill.
In 2002, Stavropol celebrated its 225th anniversary. In honor of this event a statue “Angel-Protector” and a new square were opened in the city.
Over 400 plants make up an economic base of present day Stavropol. Recently new plants producing medicines have been put in action. The plants producing mono crystals, electric measuring tools, metal constructions were renewed as well as bear brewing, juice- and ice-cream producing and others.
The main industry of the city is machine-building. A great part in its economy takes production of radio and electronics, parts for automobiles, charging gadgets, systems for ships, corrosion protection system, measuring tools, electricity meters.
The city transportation is presented by buses, minivans and trolley-buses. The airport Stavropol (Shpakovskoye) is the air “gates” of the city.