Novorossiysk (other spellings Novorossiisk, Novorossijsk, Novorossisk) is an important transportation center of Krasnodar krai of Russia. In the city, there is the largest Russian port on the Black Sea which includes passenger, freight ports and an oil-tanker harbor. It is the final point of the railway from Krasnodar, a highway juncture.
The city is located in the south-western part of the region, on the coast of Novorossiyskaya (Tsemesskaya) bay of the Black Sea.
Novorossiysk has the population of about 250,000 (2012).
The phone code is +7 8617; postal codes - 353900-353925.
It is considered that first people inhabited Novorossiysk outskirts in Paleolithic epoch. In the 5th century B.C., there was the town of Bata on the boundary with Bosphor kingdom with the capital in Pantikapeya (current Kerch). Bata was a Greece city which traded mainly grain-crops and fish.
In the 2nd century B.C., Bata was destroyed by nomad Alans. Nomad invasion slowed the developing of civilization on the shore of Tsemesskaya bay. At this very time Adyg tribes were formed. Adygs gave its current name to Tsemesskaya bay, like the river Tsemes (“tsiye” - a lot of insects, “mesy” - forest). Agygs were prosecuted by Khazars and Mongols and finally Adyg tribes moved to mountains.
In the 13th century, Tsemesskaya bay belonged to the Golden Horde. Fortress Batario was constructed in the river Tsemes mouth. Genoa citizens constructed this fortress, as they had control of trade ways between east and west at that time. The fortress was to defend from Adyg tribes and was not preserved.
Novorossiisk oldest building
Konstantinopol was conquered by Tursk in 1453. Taman and Tsemesskaya bay became Turkish territories. Current territory of Novorossiysk remained under Turkish power till the 17th century. In 1722, the Turks foreseeing war with Russia forced the defense of the Black Sea coast.
In 1829, the territory of Tsemesskaya bay became the part of Russian state. In 1834, Russian general N.N.Rayevsky decided to found a base of the Black Sea fleet in Tsemesskaya bay. In 1839, the fortification formed in Tsemesskaya bay was called Novorossiysk. In 1869, Novorossiysk turned into a town. In 1879, deposits of cement raw were found.
On August 31st, 1986, while leaving Novorossiysk bay (in about 7 miles) passenger steamer “Admiral Nakhimov” collided with the ship “Pyotr Vasev” and sank in 7-8 minutes. 423 people died in the accident.
Novorossiysk city scenery
Novorossiisk city scenery
Novorossiysk is the main center of cement industry in the south of Russia (5 cement producing plants). It is the headquarters of the large cement producer “Novoroscement” as well as cement producing plants of “Inteko” company - Verkhnebakansky cement producing plant and Atakaicement.
Machine-building is also developed. There are plants of wood-processing, food, steel industries. Novorossiysky district is one of the main wine-making centers in Russia.
Outskirts of Novorossiysk are famous for their picturesque landscapes popular among tourists. There are sea resort areas with a lot of sanatoriums and camps. The beautiful lake Abrau is the pearl of the region - the largest and the purest in Northern Caucasus.
Novorossiysk officially is not the city-resort in Kuban, but this fact doesn’t prevent it from accepting thousands of tourists from many regions of Russia. Soon it is planned to begin ferry link with the Black Sea resort cities in Turkey.
Novorossiysk places of interest
Ancient constructions - dolmens - are preserved in suburbs, they are the monuments of Cherkess people culture.
Monument to A.S.Pushkin. It was opened on September 12th, 1999.
Monument to L.I.Brezhnev. It was opened on September 16th, 2004. This is the only monument to Brezhnev. The sculptor depicted young Brezhnev walking in a suit on him, without awards, with a raincoat on his back. Novorossiysk administration says Brezhnev has done quite a lot for the city, the port and the steamship line.
There are a lot of monuments to military glory.