Armavir is a city located in Krasnodar krai of Russia. The city stands on the left bank of the Kuban River, about 202 km to the southeast of Krasnodar. It is an important railway hub of the region.
The population of Armavir is about 191,500 (2015), the area - 280 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 86137, the postal codes - 352900-352947.
At the end of the 18th century, Islam began spreading among the Adygeis and the Cherkesogais (mountainous Armenians) who faced the threat of losing their religion. At the end of 1836, they addressed the head of Kuban defensive line, the major-general G.F.Zass with the request to “take them under Russian patronage and to finance their settling close to the Russians.”
In 1837, a small village of mountainous Armenians was formed on the left bank of the Kuban River, opposite stanitsa Prochnookopskaya.
In 1839, the settlement of Cherkesogais was moved closer to the mouth of the Urup River. This date is an official date of Armavir foundation, the original name - Armenian village. Three sides of the village were surrounded by a deep ditch 2,5 m broad and by a rampart. The fourth side was the Kuban River which became a natural boundary of Armavir. The boundaries of the settlement changed several times as new families moved there from the mountains.
More Historical Facts…
First, there were 120 families and, by 1840, the number of families was 400. Beside mountainous Armenians, there were several hundreds of serves (there were 753 of them in 1859). Cherkesogais’ life had the same laws of clan life which they had in the mountains. The settlement was divided into quarters where families who came from the same village in the mountains lived.
In 1848, the settlement received its official name Armavirsky in honor of ancient Armenian capital Armavir. In 1875, Vladikavkaz railway was built through Armavir. In 1908, the construction of “Armavir-Tuapsinskaya railway” began.
In 1914, the settlement was reformed into the town. During the Civil War of 1918-1922, there were severe fights between Armenians and Bolsheviks in the town, the power changed three times.
Today, there are 37 large industrial plants and over 1,000 small ones in Armavir. It is a regional center of railway machine-building, production of equipment for oil and gas industries, electro cables as well as sunflower oil and confectionery.
Armenians make up about 8.5% of the population of the city.
Armavir climate, sights, hotels
The climate is of moderate continental type, the average temperature within a year is 10 degrees C above zero, in January, the coldest month, - 2,5 degrees Celsius below zero, in July, the hottest month, - 23 degrees C above zero.
There are about 340 architectural and historical monuments in Armavir, among them as follows: Armenian-Apostle church “Surb-Astvatsatsyn” (St. Virgin) (1861); Tatar mosque; 18 monuments; 40 monuments of military history.
There are two music and an art school, several libraries and clubs, Recreation Park, City House of Culture in the city.
The museum of local study, founded in 1904, possesses 75,000 exhibits and has the largest in the Caucasus collection of stone sculptures (Lenin Street, 114). The museum is open daily from 9.00 to 17.00, except Monday; Thursday - from 9.00 to 21.00 (summer).
The nearest surroundings are rich in unique palaeontological and geological monuments, their formation is linked with various periods of the Sarmatskoye Sea development (12-20 million years ago). There are numerous archaeological monuments: sites of the early Stone Age, hills of the early and middle Bronze Age.
There is a monument to Bulgakov’s cat Behemoth from “Master and Margaret” and Lenin monument in Central Square, the exact copy of the monument located in front of Smolny Institute in Saint Petersburg.
Armavir doesn’t have a large number of hotels. The contacts of some of them are below:
- Severnaya Hotel (Mir Street, 47; 54 rooms; contact phones: +7 86137 3 70 03, +7 86137 3 70 11);
- Armavir Service Hotel (Kirov Street, 58; 211 rooms; +7 86137 3 70 98, +7 86137 3 08 76, +7 86137 3 14 14);
- Versal Hotel (Rosa Luxemburg Street, 144; 6 rooms, +7 86137 3 02 74, +7 86137 2 81 31);
- Vasyuki Hotel (Rosa Luxemburg Street, 167; 10 rooms).