Rostov oblast (region), Russia (Rostovskaya)

The capital city of Rostov oblast: Rostov-on-Don.

Rostov region overview

Rostov oblast (region) (also spelled Rostovskaya) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, part of South Federal District. The administrative center of the region is Rostov-on-Don city.

Rostov region has the population of 4,255,000 (2012), land area - 100,967 sq. km.

Rostov oblast flag

Rostov oblast flag

Rostov oblast coat of arms

Rostov oblast coat of arms

Rostov oblast map, Russia

Rostov oblast map of Russia

Rostov region general facts

The climate of Rostov province is of favorable moderate continental type. Average temperature in January is 7 degrees Celsius below zero, in July - 23 degrees C above zero. The nature of the region is quite various. Steppes, forests, the river Don, the Azov Sea coast are inhabited by over 100 species of animals and fishes.

The territory of Rostov region lies within steppe zone, only the extreme south-east is in the mid-way to half-deserts. About 6% of the territory is covered by forests and bushes, the most part of the region is occupied by plantations, mainly on extremely fertile black soils.

The largest cities and towns of the province are Rostov-on-Don (1,100,000), Taganrog (256,600), Shahty (240,000), Novocherkassk (170,000), Volgodonsk (170,000), Novoshahtinsk (111,000), Bataisk (110,000).

Rostov region views

Rostov region landscape

Rostov region landscape

Author: Igor Tartanov

Rostov province view

Rostov province view

Author: Eugeny Gromenko

Rostov region view

Rostov region view

Author: Poluyan Sergey


Rostov region history

The settlements on the territory of present Rostov region were mentioned first by Herodotus and refers to Scyths. A lot of archaeological material was found in lower Don: iron swords, daggers, special items of horse decoration.

In about 700 B.C., Scyths appeared in the steppes to the north of the Black Sea between Don and Dunai. Bronze, golden and silver items were found in numerous Scythian hills.

In the 6th-5th centuries B.C., the Greeks started inhabiting these territories. Their largest cities - Olvia, Tira, Khersones united into Bospor kingdom with the capital in Pantikapeya (Kerch at present) in 480 B.C. They had an active trade with the Mediterranean centers and local population.

The first wave of Tatar-Mongol invasion reached Russia in 1224. Princes’ troops went towards enemy and on May, 31, 1224, had a battle with them on the river Kalka (tributary of Kalmius which flows into the Azov Sea to the north of Don).

Russian princes fought bravely but not coordinated and were absolutely defeated. Such was the beginning of the Tatar-Mongol yoke epoch which lasted till 1481. In the 70s of the 15th, century the Azov steppes were occupied by Turks.

In the mid 16th century, runaway serves started inhabiting the Don area, they were the first of Don Cossacks. In 1570, the Cossack town of Cherkassk was founded. Gradually, from the end of the 16th - the early 17th centuries, the Cossacks started cooperating and later involving into Russian military, economic and political systems.

The Cossacks had special rights and advantages, they were good soldiers and took part in all the military actions held by Russia. They protected not only the southern frontiers of the state but its interests on the territory of Prussia (1760), France (1813), they fought under commandment of A.V.Suvorov and M.I.Kutuzov.

Rostov region resources

Rostov province is rich in various mineral resources which is caused by tectonic structure peculiarities of the territory. The most important among them are fuel resources. Coal deposits of eastern Donbass are famous. 90% of the coal is anthracite which is the best by its calorie content.

Over 6,500 million tons of explored deposits are located in the region. Considerable part of the territory has gas and oil. Prospected gas deposits are estimated 36,850 million cubic m.

Deposits of chemical raw are found in Rostov oblast. Phosphorites are the most precious. Deposits of non-ferrous metals (nickel, zirconium) are not fully explored, signs of precious metals presence, ferrous ore of Krivorozhsky type, mercury and diamonds are evidences of possible considerable increase of ore mining which are of industrial importance.

The region possesses unique deposits of raw for constructing industry.

Rostov province scenery

Rostov region scenery

Rostov region scenery

Author: Eugeny Gromenko

Rostovskaya oblast scenery

Rostovskaya oblast scenery

Author: Alena Amplieva

Rostov region road

Rostov region road

Author: Nikolay Sevastyanov


Rostov region economics

Rostov province is one of the leading in the Russian Federation in the level of development and variety of industries. Machine-building, food industry, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, power engineering are mostly developed. A lot of plants are of federal importance being the only ones or the largest ones in the country which produce some special product.

Main treasure of the region is soil. Black soils occupy almost 65% of the land, the fertile layer might reach a meter and a half in depth. Crops are foremost, in about a half of all fields crops are grown. The oblast is the fourth in Russia in crops growing. The main crops is wheat. Maize, rice, millet, buckwheat, soy-beans are widely spread.

Sunflower is the main industrial plant. The production of sunflower seeds is over 20% of all output in Russia. The region takes the first place in production of this product.

Gardening and grapes growing are based on commercial production. Milk producing, cattle-breeding, sheep-breeding, horse-breeding and poultry farming are the most developed.

Volgodon nuclear power station (1,000 Mwt) is in action in the town of Volgodonsk. Federal highways E115 - M4 “Moscow - Rostov-on-Don”, E50 - M19, E58 - M23 “Kishinyov - Rostov”, E40 - M21 “Volgograd - Kishinyov” cross the territory of the region.

Railway routes to the south of Russia cross the province - to Krasnodar krai (the Azov and Black Seas) as well as to Abkhazia and Ukraine. Main waterways of the region are the rivers Don and Seversky Donets. Taganrog and Rostov-on-Don are sea ports on the Azov Sea.

Rostov region has high financial, industrial, resource and scientific potential. It has favorable geographical location (the territory of the province unites regions of central Russia with North Caucasus and Transcaucasia regions). Among the other advantages of the region are natural and human labor resources, developed transportation infrastructure.

The industry of recreation includes a lot of various local resorts for summer recreation with mineral waters.

Rostov region attractions

Rostov region attracts tourists by its rich history, charming nature, hospitable inhabitants and unique Cossack culture.

The river Don, one of the largest rivers in Europe, with its branches and tributaries; the Azov Sea and its Taganrog bay; Tsimlyanskoye reservoir; Don and Azov steppes form unforgettable unique image of Rostov region. Works by Alexander Pushkin and Mikhail Sholokhov are linked with the Don area.

The history of the region is tightly connected with famous Don Cossacks of the 16th-18th centuries - Yermak Timofeyevich, Stepan Razin, Kondratiy Bulavin, Yemelyan Pugachev, Matvey Platov. The history of the Don is linked with Emperors Peter I and Alexander I. World famous writer A.P.Chekhov was born there.

The cities Rostov-on-Don, Novocherkassk, Azov, Taganrog are acknowledged tourist centers. Unique collections of Scythian gold are located in regional museums as well as an excellent ethnographic collection representing variety of national cultures of the Don region, items of Cossack everyday life and pictures of famous painters of the 18th-20th centuries.

Rostov province, the Don River land, cultural and historical heritage is great. This steppe region has rich history and modern life, a lot of various places of interest and attractions.

Rostov oblast of Russia photos

Rostov region churches

Rostov region cathedral

Rostov region cathedral

Author: Nikolay Sevastyanov

Rostov region church

Rostov region church

Author: Vlad Rost


The comments of our visitors

Stuart Cvrk
Memories
I fondly remember my two trips to the region back in 2000. I was fortunate enough to taken around to some of the sights and to experience the local cuisine (best mushroom soup I've ever had). We adopted our beautiful Russian daughter from an orphanage in Novoshahtinsk. I hope capitalism and personal freedoms continue to expand in your region; it's a great tragedy what the Communists did to your oblast over the years.

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