Adygeya Republic overview
Adygeya (other spellings Adygea, Adyge, Adyghea) Republic is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, part of Southern Federal District.
Administrative center of the region is Maykop. The republic is an enclave within Krasnodar Krai.
Adygeya Republic has the population of about 444,000 (2012) on the territory of 7,792 sq. km.
Adygeya Republic history
The territory of present Adygeya region was inhabited from ancient times. Abadzehskaya Paleolithic site is located in Maykop district, there are also a lot of archaeological sites of Bronze and Iron Ages. Maykop archaeological culture is well known.
Unique items were found during excavation of hills near the village of Ulyap, Krasnogvardeysky district. Most of precious items excavated while Adygeya was a part of Krasnodar krai (region) also known as “Scythian gold” or “Kuban gold” are located outside Adygeya for the time being.
The indigenous Adyg population’s ancestors are considered to be ancient Meots, Sinds, Aheys, Zikhs, Kasogs and Kerkets residing in the region. Most of the Adygs migrated to the Osman Empire after the Crimean War, main events of which took place in this part of Caucasus in 1859-1864. The rest of Adygs were settled on lowlands on the left bank of the Kuban River.
Adygeya was formed on July 27, 1922, as Cherkesskaya (Adygeyskaya) autonomous oblast (province) with the center in Krasnodar. From August 24, 1922 till August 13, 1928, it was Adygeyskaya (Cherkesskaya) autonomous oblast, and then Adygeyskaya autonomous oblast.
From August 2, 1924, till December 28, 1934, it was a part of North Caucasian krai, then till September 13, 1937, a part of Azov-Chernomorsky krai and finally - a part of Krasnodar krai.
April 10, 1936, Maykop received the status of the capital of the region which itself was included into Adygeya. On April 28, 1962, Tulsky (now Maikopsky) district of Krasnodar krai was joined to the region.
On October 5, 1990, Adygeyskaya Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was declared, on July 3, 1991, the President of the Russian Federation signed the decree on reforming the Autonomous Republic into Soviet Socialist Republic of Adygeya, since March 24, 1992, it is the Republic of Adygeya.
In December 1991 - January 1992, deputies of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Adygeya were elected. It was the first Parliament in the history of Adygeya. In 1993, it was reformed into Legislative Assembly (Khase) and, in 1995, - into State Council - Khase. The Constitution of the Republic of Adygeya was adopted by Legislative Assembly - Khase on March 10, 1995.
Adygeya Republic views
Adygeya Republic landscape
Adygeya Republic territory
Adygeya Republic is located in the northern foothills of Caucasus Mountains. The northern part of the region consists mainly of plains while the southern part has mountains.
Various forests cover about half of the republic territory. Main river of the region is the Kuban River. Major mountains are Chugush (3,238 m) and Fisht (2,868 m).
Adygeya Republic natural resources, economy
Main natural resources of Adygeya are natural gas and oil. Among the other resources are gold, silver, iron, tungsten and rich soil.
Main agriculture products of the region are grain and sunflowers. Sheep breeding is also well developed. Among the most developed industries are food, timber, paper and metal-working. There are several railways going through Adygeya Republic territory.
Adygeya Republic attractions
The territory of Adygeya Republic is a region of mixed tourism. It possesses considerable resources for hunting. The conditions here are favorable for sports routes as well as cognitive ones.
The territory if full of natural objects, a lot of which are of large tourist value. The government of the Republic makes a lot of efforts to attract tourists to the region and to form its positive image.
Several districts protected by government are created in Adygeya. These are: Caucasian State Biosphere Reserve located in the Republic of Adygeya and Krasnodar krai, a number of unique nature sites and National Park “Gornaya (Mountainous) Adygeya”.
Mountainous hiking and equestrian routes are very popular. Camping areas of the region can host 1,500 tourists.