Krasnodar region overview
Krasnodar krai (region) (also spelled Krasnodarsky, Krasnodarskiy) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, part of South Federal District.
The administrative center and capital city is Krasnodar. Main river of the region is the Kuban River splitting it onto two parts.
Krasnodar region population is about 5,330,000 (2012) on the territory of 75,485 sq. km.
Krasnodar region facts
Krasnodar region main cities and towns are Krasnodar (764,000), Sochi (360,000), Novorossyisk (250,000), Armavir (188,000), Eisk (87,000), Kropotkin (80,000), Slavyansk-na-Kubani (65,000), Tuapse (64,000).
The region population is mainly concentrated in the basin of the Kuban River (also known as the Cossack land).
There are various natural resources on the territory of Krasnodar province (oil, natural gas, marl, marble, limestone, sandstone, apatite and iron ores, halite, forests).
Krasnodar krai is the oldest oil-producing region of Russia (from 1864).
Krasnodar region views
Krasnodar region landscape
Krasnodar region sea view
Krasnodar region history
The territory of present Krasnodar region was populated by various tribes and nations from ancient times. Genoa republic founded several colonies in the Middle Ages, later the region was conquered by Mongols of the Golden Horde.
Later the lands of the krai were captured by Russia. In 1735, the Russian state began to build Caucasian fortifications to defend the region from the Ottoman Empire. Russia and Turkey had numerous wars with the main aim to establish the control of the Black Sea regions.
Krasnodar region was one of the centers of resistance after Bolshevik revolution of 1917. The Civil War on the territory of the region was lasting until 1920.
German armies captured the territory of the region during the World War II, but after Caucasus battle it was liberated. There are about 1500 monuments and memorials commemorating fights and heroes of the Second World War.
Krasnodar region attractions
Krasnodar krai has the largest part of Russian tourism industry visited mainly by domestic tourists. About 25% of the Russian hotels and resorts are situated in Krasnodar krai. Among the main attractions are Western Caucasus mountains slopes.
Also Krasnodar region city Sochi is the host city of Winter Olympic Games of 2014.