Novgorod city, Russia (Velikiy Novgorod)

The capital city of Novgorod oblast.

Novgorod overview

Novgorod (also known as Velikiy Novgorod, other spellings Nowgorod, Novogorod, Veliky Novgorod, Velikij Novgorod) is a city located in the northwestern part of European Russia, administrative center of Novgorod oblast, city of military glory.

It is one of the most famous and ancient cities of Russia. Novgorod celebrated its 1150th anniversary in 2009.

Novgorod population is about 220,000 (2012); land area - 90 sq. km.

The phone code is +7 8162; postal codes - 173000-173xxx.

Novgorod city flag

Novgorod city flag

Novgorod city coat of arms

Novgorod city coat of arms

Novgorod city map, Russia

Novgorod city map of Russia

Novgorod facts

Novgorod is standing on the Volkhov River. Federal highway M10 connecting Moscow and Saint Petersburg is going through the city.

The city has the largest number and the most ancient medieval monuments in Russia and Ukraine.

Novgorod monuments

Novgorod city monument

Novgorod city monument

Author: Sergey Duhanin

Novgorod Russia tank

Novgorod Russia tank

Author: Konstantin Matekhin

Novgorod Millennium monument

Novgorod Millennium monument

Author: Sergey Duhanin


Novgorod history

Novgorod is in the list of most ancient Eastern Slavs tribe cities. The settlement was first time mentioned in written chronicles in 859. And that time it was a large trade center on the route from Baltics to Byzantium.

Novgorod ruler Oleg captured Kiev and founded the Kievan Rus state in 882. Novgorod was the second town of the Kievan Rus by cultural, economic and political influence.

One of the most known ruler of Novgorod town was Yaroslav the Wise. His father Vladimir the Great was the ruler of Kiev city that time. First Russian code of laws (part of Russkaya Pravda later) appeared in Novgorod at Yaroslav the Wise time.

Novgorod Republic appeared after the dismissal of prince Vsevolod Mstislavich in 1136. Novgorod Republic was among the largest states of medieval Europe with territories from present time Estonia to Urals Mountains.

The mayor (“posadnik”) of the city, military and other leaders were elected by public assembly of Novgorod called “veche”. Russian folklore hero Sadko was the merchant from this town.

The population of Novgorod was growing fast and soon the city was unable to feed people from its own sources. Novgorod became dependable on grain supply from Vladimir-Suzdal territories. The grain dependence was one of the reasons Moscow state could gain control over the republic and its capital city in 1478. Nikon (Russian most famous patriarch) was the metropolitan of Novgorod in 1648-1652.

The city received the status of Novgorod Governorate (Gyberniya) center of the Russian Empire in 1727. In the period of 1927-1944, it was the part of Leningrad oblast. In 1944, the city became the center of Novgorod oblast.

Novgorod was heavily damaged during the World War II (captured by German army in 1941, liberated by Soviet army in 1944). A lot of monuments of medieval Russia were destroyed.

Main monuments of Novgorod were declared the World Heritage Site. The city received new name “Velikiy Novogorod” after its medieval title “Lord Novgorod the Great” in 1998.

Novgorod city of Russia photos

Velikiy Novgorod sceneries

Novgorod city scenery

Novgorod city scenery

Author: Elena Abramova

Velikiy Novgorod kremlin

Velikiy Novgorod kremlin

Author: Ismail Soytekinoglu

Veliky Novgorod city kremlin

Veliky Novgorod city kremlin

Author: Sergey Duhanin


Novgorod churches

Novgorod city church

Novgorod city church

Author: Zaritsky Igor

Novgorod ancient church

Novgorod ancient church

Author: Sergey Duhanin

Novgorod church view

Novgorod church view

Author: Sergey Duhanin


Veliky Novgorod churches

Velikiy Novgorod church

Velikiy Novgorod church

Author: Sergey Popov

Veliky Novgorod city church

Veliky Novgorod city church

Author: Sergey Duhanin


Saint Sophia Cathedral in Velikiy Novgorod Kremlin - explore the city yourself


The questions of our visitors

Gary asks: I need transportation from St Petersburg airport (Pulkovo) to Veliky Novgorod on May 5, 2010 and return transportation on May 11, 2010. Who can I contact and how much does it cost for three adults and luggage?
Expert's answer:

There are several ways of going from the airport of Saint-Petersburg to Veliky Novgorod city.

The fastest one and of course the most expensive is to go by taxi from the airport straight to the destination city. The price is about 4500-5000 Rubles (about 150-170 USD).

Another way is to go by train. From the airport you should go to Vitebsky railway station. The departure at 7:53, arrival at 13:06 local time. Also you can go to Moskovsky railway station. There are two trains: first one with the departure at 8:12 and the second one at 17:18). Not sure about the price of the tickets but much cheaper than by taxi.

The third variant is to go by bus. You should go to the bus station at Obvodnoy Canal embankment. The first bus departure is at 7:30; the latest at 21:30; there are several buses a day during this time.

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