Naryan-Mar (meaning “Red City” in Nenets people language) is a city in Russia, the capital of the Nenets autonomous region. It is located above the Arctic Circle, in the Low Pechora, 110 km from the Barents Sea, 1,500 km from Moscow, 660 km from Arkhangelsk.
The population of Naryan-Mar is about 24,000 (2015), the area - 19.5 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 81853, the postal code - 166000.
The idea of construction of a town in the lower reaches of the Pechora River has a long history. The rich fauna, beautiful nature, a large navigable river giving the opportunity to trade timber - all this attracted people to the North. According to Russian chronicles, the Lower Pechora region was well known since the 12th century. Local tribes - Yugra, Pechera - were engaged in barter trade with Russians.
In 1499, Pustozyorsk settlement appeared. In the 18th-19th centuries, new villages were built on the banks of the Pechora River: Velikovisochnoe, Oksino, Telviska, Kuya. The residents were engaged in traditional farming, fisheries and mammal hunting, reindeer herding.
In the 1860s, the Arctic explorers the captain P.I. Kruzenshtern, the merchant V.N. Latkin, and the merchant M.K. Sidorov conducted a detailed study of the fairway of the Pechora River and organized Pechora timber company.
More Historical Facts…
Since 1897, the Partnership of Arkhangelsk-Murmansk Shipping Company established a maritime route between Arkhangelsk and the lower reaches of the Pechora (Kuya village). In 1903, on the territory of present Naryan-Mar, Pechora timber factory was founded. It was created by the partnership “Stella-Polare” headed by the Norwegian timber merchant Martin Olsen.
The decision to build a new town and a port on the Pechora was taken on October 7, 1929. The main reason for the construction of the port was the discovery of the Vorkuta coal deposits. Thus a village of workers named Naryan-Mard (Red Town) was formed, uniting the territory and population of several surrounding villages.
The construction of Naryan-Mar began on the right bank of the Pechora in 1930, on the place of a settlement called Beloschelye. In October 1931, Beloschelye was renamed Naryan-Mar. The same year the center of the region was transferred from Telvisochny settlement to Naryan-Mar. On March 10, 1935, it became a town. In 1936, the population was 10,288. By 1940, the main industry of Naryan-Mar was formed (timber, coal, furs, reindeer-breeding products).
Since the early 1960s, the town was built according to the general plan; the first brick buildings - the House of Culture and the school #3 - were built . In 1975, the first high-rise building was constructed. Today, it is the building of the city administration.
In the 1990s, the pace of development of Naryan-Mar declined significantly, some residents began to leave the city. Since the beginning of the 21th century, with the growth of oil production in the region, Naryan-Mar received a new impetus in its development.
Today, Naryan-Mar is a base of geological prospecting of the Timano-Pechorskaya gas and oil province. It is the place where people working on assimilating tundra and the Barents Sea shelf deposits come between their shifts. There is a number of houses with all conveniences built in the geologists’ settlements in Naryan-Mar and around it.
November 3, 2013, the Olympic torch relay (Winter Olympics 2014 in Sochi) was held in Naryan-Mar.
Naryan-Mar is not connected with other cities by highway or railway. From the airport, there are regular flights to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Arkhangelsk, Kirov, Syktyvkar. Goods are delivered to the city by sea from Arkhangelsk and by river from the city of Pechora.
The nearest railway station is Usinsk, 376 km by winter road. The local economy is based on sea and river ports, food industry, a woodworking factory, a drilling company “EURASIA”, an oil company “Naryan-MarNeftegaz”, and a gas pipeline from Vasilkovo gas field.
The climate is continental with long winters and short summers. The city is located in the permafrost zone. In December and January, you can see such natural phenomenon as the polar night. Winters are comparatively mild for polar latitude due to the Barents Sea influence, but springs and autumns are long and cold, summers are cool.
The average temperature is above zero from May, and, in early October, the temperature is already below zero again. The average temperature in July is plus 13.5 degrees Celsius, in January - minus 17.2 degrees C.
Boiler-houses and Naryan-Mar power station are provided by natural gas from Vasilkovskoye gas field (63 km pipeline).
Wooden house in Naryan-Mar
Cultural and Business Center Arktika in Naryan-Mar
Naryan-Mar places of interest
- Nenets Museum of Local Lore (Pobedy Street, 5),
- Historical-Cultural and Landscape Museum-Reserve “Pustozersk” (Tyko Vylko Street, 4).
Naryan-Mar architectural monuments
- The building of the post office (Smidovicha Street, 25),
- The building of the Administration of the Nenets Autonomous District (Smidovicha Street, 20).
- “Pechora” Hotel. Address: Lenina Street, 31. Tel.: +7 81853 4 21 45,
- “Natalie” Hotel. Lenina Street, 35a. Tel.: +7 81853 4 62 99,
- “Zapolyarnaya Stolitsa” Hotel. Lenina Street, 33b. Tel.: +7 81853 4 99 00,
- “67 parallel” Hotel. Polarnaya Street, 7. Tel.: +7 81853 4 69 54, 8911 650 06 80.
- “Zapolyarnaya Stolitsa” Restaurant. Address: Lenina Street, 33b,
- “Caramel” Restaurant. Olennaya Street, 10,
- “Sever” Restaurant. Polyarnaya Street, 6,
- “Timan” Restaurant, Lenina Street (in the district of the regional hospital),
- “Elite” Restaurant, Lenina Street, 42.