Naryan-Mar (also spelled Narian-Mar, meaning “Red City” on Nenets people language) is a city in Russia, an administrative center of Nenets autonomous okrug.
The city is located behind the Arctic Circle, in the Low Pechora, 110 km from the Barentsev Sea, 1,500 km from Moscow, 660 km from Arkhangelsk.
Naryan-Mar population is about 20,000 (2012).
The phone code is +7 81853; postal code - 166000-166004.
Naryan-Mar was started in 1930 on the right bank of the Pechora, on the spot where there was the settlement called Beloschelye. In October 1931, Beloschelye was renamed Naryan-Mar, the same year the center of the okrug was transferred from the settlement Telvisochny to Naryan-Mar.
On March 10th, 1935, the settlement became a city. In 1936, the population was 10,288. By 1940, main industry of the city was formed. Through the sea-port timber, coal, furs, reindeer-breeding product were taken to the west and center of the country.
Since early 1960s, the city was built according to general plan. The heating is centralized, since 1974 there is centralized running water, local system of sewer-pipe with refinement structures was set into action. Boiler-houses and a power station of Naryan-Mar are supplied with natural gas from Vasilkovskoye gas-field (63 km pipe-line).
Today Naryan-Mar is a base of geological prospecting in Timano-Pechorskaya gas and oil province, it is the city where workers come in shifts for assimilating tundra and shelf (in the Barentsev Sea) deposits. The houses with all conveniences are built in the geologists’ settlements in Naryan-Mar and around it as well as necessary infrastructure.
Naryan-Mar economics, climate
The nearest railway station is Usinsk, 376 km by winter road. The economics of the region is based on sea and river ports; food industry; wood factory; drilling company “EURASIA”; oil company “Naryan-MarNeftegaz”; a supermarket net; airport Naryan-Mar; gas pipeline from gas-field Vasilkovo, the final spot Naryan-Mar.
The climate of Naryan-Mar area is of continental type, with long winters and short, not so cold summers. The city is located in permafrost region, in December and January, there is a polar night. Winters are comparatively mild for polar latitude due to the Barentsev Sea influence, but springs and autumns are long and cold, summers are cool.
The average temperature is above zero in May, and in early October is already below zero. Polar day lasts in summer, but it is still cold, the average temperature is only 13 degrees Celsius.