Khanty-Mansiysk (also spelled Khanty-Mansijsk, Hanti-Mansiysk, Khanty-Mansisk) is a city in Russia, an administrative center of Khanty-Mansi autonomous okrug - Yugra. Before 1940, the city was called Ostyako-Vogulsk.
Khanty-Mansiysk is one of few Russian administrative centers of the Russian Federation which is less in population and in industrial output than the other cities of the region. It is the fourth largest city in the region after Surgut, Nizhnevartovsk, Nefteyugansk.
Khanty-Mansiysk population is about 85,000 (2012), land area - 338 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 3467 and the postal code is 628000.
Khanty-Mansiysk was founded as workers’ settlement 3 km away from Samarovo which was known from 1582. In 1950, the city received the status of the center of autonomous okrug, it included Samarovo which became the center of Samarovsky district.
Since 1992, Khanty-Mansiysk was the center of autonomous okrug and on March 28th, 1995, the status was declared by the law.
The city is a rapidly developing and multifunctional center of one of the main economical regions of Russia. On July 26-27, 2008, the summit Russia - European Union took place here, and afterwards - the 5th All-World Congress of Finno-Ugric Peoples on June 27-30, 2008.
Khanty-Mansiysk general view
Khanty-Mansiysk city view
Khanty-Mansiysk is located in the central part of Western Siberia on the bank of the river Irtysh. The distance to Tyumen is 950 km, to Moscow - 1,900 km by air.
Khanty-Mansiysk is known as center of skiing and mountain skiing. World Cups in biathlon take place here, that’s why tourism is well-developed in the city. The city hosted several World Cups in biathlon. Besides, in 2010, World Chess Olympics was held here.
In 2005, there were 15 hotels in the city. There are no rooms available when some conference or championship takes place. In 2007, during World Cup in biathlon about 65,000 tourists visited the city which is equal to population of Khanty-Mansiysk.
Main industries of Khanty-Mansiysk are oil-producing (88,6%), power engineering (6,8%), printing (1,2%), fishing and fish-processing; wood working.
Main agricultural branches are as follows: fishing, meat and milk producing, fox fell; plant growing: vegetable, cedar nuts, mushrooms and wild berries.
In 1970s, the take-off strip was built, it is used till nowadays. In 2002, the construction of a new airport building was finished and, in 2004, the airport received international status.
In 1996, the construction of federal highway was finished, it connected Khanty-Mansiysk with other cities of Tyumen region (Surgut, Nefteyugansk, Tyumen). In 2004, automobile bridge across the Irtysh Rvier was constructed.
There is a port on the Irtysh River, 12-16 km from where it flows into the Ob River. Passenger boats connect the city with many cities and settlements of the region, as well as with Tobolsk, Omsk and Salekhard.
The nearest railway station - Pyt-Yakh is located 232 km from Khanty-Mansiysk.