Nizhnevartovsk is the administrative center of Nizhnevartovsky district of Khanty-Mansi autonomous okrug. It is the second largest city of the region. The largest oil deposit in Russia - Samotlorskoye is located in Nizhnevartovsky district. That is why Nizhnevartovsk is called the oil capital of Russia.
Nizhnevartovsk population is about 264,000 (2012).
The phone code is +7 3466; postal codes are 628600-628615.
In 1909, landing-pier Nizhnevartovskaya was founded and a settlement was formed close to it. As collectivization began the collective farm “Krasnoye Znamya” (Red Banner) was formed. In March 1961, Megionskoye deposit was found. On February 24th, 1962, the administrative center of the district was transferred from the settlement Laryak to Nizhnevartovskoye. It was due to the fact Laryak was too far from main transportation ways.
On May 20th, 1965, the first exploratory oil well was drilled near the lake Samotlor close to Nizhnevartovsky, it gave oil fountain on May 29. On April 2, 1969, industrial production of oil began at Samotlorskoye deposit. It promoted development of Nizhnevartovsk. In 1971, the airport was opened. On March 9th, 1972, the settlement was reformed into the city of Nizhnevartovsk.
At the end of 1970s - early 1980s, due to gradual exhaustion of oil in Tatarstan and Bashkortostan and moving the center of oil extracting industry to the Western Siberia, a lot of Tatar and Bashkir oil industry workers and their families moved to Nizhnevartovsk. This is the reason why these nationalities prevail in city population. In 1980, regular train transportation to Sverdlovsk (Ekaterinburg) began.
In 2002, the construction of railway terminal was over, it lasted 20 years and can accept 900 passengers. On August 1st, 2008, a large astronomy event took place in Nizhnevartovsk - full solar eclipse.
Nizhnevartovsk city scenery
Nizhnevartovsk Russia scenery
In 1978, about 1/3 of all the oil extracted in the USSR was from Samotlor. By 1980, a billion tons of oil was extracted, by 1986 - 2 billion. The largest amount of oil extracted in Samotlor was in 1980: 158,8 million tons a year. Later the extraction decreased due to oil deposits exhaustion. At present about 20% of the Russian oil is extracted in Nizhnevartovsky district.
The international airport is among the largest in the country. There are regular flights to the largest Russian cities (Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Tomsk, Novosibirsk, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Sochi, Krasnodar, Ekaterinburg, Omsk, Perm, Tyumen, Ufa) and abroad (Ukraine, Turkey, Greece, Thailand).
Since 1970, festival “Samotlorskiye nochi” (Samotlor nights) takes place. The celebration is determined by the city administration. In 2009, the holiday lasted 2 days - June 12th and 13th. It includes as a rule various concerts, exhibitions etc.
Peoples Friendship holiday takes place on the street with the same name. It begins with demonstration of various non-governmental and ethnic organizations. The World War II veterans take part in demonstrations as well as veterans of oil industry, honored citizens of Nizhnevartovsk and young people.
On this day “ethnic squares” are located on Peoples Friendship Street, they reflect culture of various nationalities living in the city.
Nizhnevartovsk places of interest
Monument to Samotlor explorers built in 1978 - 12 m high statue of a worker on a 10 m high pedestal made of granite. In his risen left hand the worker id holding a bowl with burning fire. A capsule with a letter to descendants is placed in the ground at the foot of the monument, it is to be read in 2018. This monument is located on Glory hill.
Monument to the first oil well P-1.
Aviation equipment Honor Alley was opened on July 20th, 2000. Helicopters Mi-1, Mi-2, Mi-4, Mi-6, Mi-8 as well as airplane An-2 are placed on pedestals.
Monument to Nizhnevartovsky sportsmen was opened on March 10th, 2002, when the city turned 30.
Christmas church was constructed in 1993-1998.
Monument to Tatar poet Musa Dzhalil.
Dvornik (man who takes care of the yard), Violinist and Artist these sculptures were erected recently in the center of the city, near “Arts Palace”. They became popular among citizens: passing by people stop to look at them and to take pictures with interesting heroes.