Nefteyugansk is a city in Russia, an administrative center of Nefteyugansky district, located in the south-eastern part of the Khanty-Mansi okrug. It is the third largest city in the region after Surgut and Nizhnevartovsk.
The city stands on the right bank of the Yuganskaya Ob River. Nefteyugansk is the only city on the Ob which is entirely located on an island between the river channels.
The population of Nefteyugansk is about 125,000 (2015), the area - 154 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 3463, the postal codes - 628300-628312.
Nefteyugansk owes its birth to the rich oil fields of Ust-Balyk field discovered in 1961. In July 1961, a prospecting expedition headed by Mikhail Ivanovich Petrov landed on the bank of the Yuganskaya Ob River together with a group of carpenters headed by Karp Ananevich Ivanchenko (today, he is a honorary citizen of the city).
October 15, 1961, the first oil was extracted from the oil well R-62. December 18, 1962, the daily output of the the oil well R-63 was 800 tons. It was the largest oil fountain in the Tyumen region. After that, the settlement began to grow rapidly and soon it was renamed in Nefteyugansky thus uniting the word “neft” (meaning “oil” and the name of the river (the Yuganskaya Ob).
May 26, 1964, the first oil of Ust-Balyk deposit was sent to a refinery. Siberian industry began to work on its own raw materials. The construction of a giant pipeline Samotlor - Ust-Balyk - Tyumen - Ufa - Almetyevsk was started.
More Historical Facts…
On October 16, 1967, Nefteyugansk became a town. In the 1970s, the first stone houses were built. In 1980, Nefteyugansky district with the center in Nefteyugansk was formed. In 1982, a public museum was opened (a large history and art museum complex today). On November 3, 1984, a bridge across the Yuganskaya Ob was constructed.
In 2000, the city’s population exceeded 100 thousand people and Nefteyugansk became one of the largest cities in the district (together with Surgut and Nizhnevartovsk).
February 10, 2010, a cultural and exhibition center “Ust-Balyk” was opened. It is dedicated to the history of oil and gas industry and the development of the city of Nefteyugansk. October 14, 2011, at the historic site, another monument of industrial development “Oil Well R-62 - the pioneer of Ust-Balyk field” was opened.
General view of Nefteyugansk
Colorful apartment buildings in Nefteyugansk
Flower bed with swans in Nefteyugansk
Nefteyugansk is one of the few Russian regional cities exceeding the administrative center of its region (Khanty-Mansiysk) both in terms of population and industrial potential.
The city is located in the zone of sharp continental climate characterized by long severe winters and short summers. The average temperature within a year is minus 3,3 degrees Celsius. The average temperature in January is minus 20 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 18 degrees Celsius.
Nefteyugansk is a city with a very young population, the average age - 33 years.
Oil production is the basis of the local economy. Every fifth ton of Russian oil is extracted in Nefteyugansky district.
Nefteyugansk is a river port on the Yuganskaya Ob River. Waterways connect the city with Khanty-Mansiysk and Surgut. During navigation, river transport delivers food and other supplies into the city.
The closest railway station is located 42 km to the south of Nefteyugansk - in the town of Pyt-Yakh. Today, there are no airways with other Russian regions. There is a modern airport terminal built 2 km to the north of the city, but it is used for other purposes. The city stands on the federal highway P404 connecting the Tyumen region with the settlements located in the north.
Cultural center Ob in Nefteyugansk
Nefteyugansk places of interest
The city has a number of different architectural and cultural monuments, outdoor sculptures. The most interesting sights:
- The architectural composition in honor of the 70th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 (Victory Square),
- The architecture and sculpture monument “Pioneers” in the waterfront area of Nefteyugansk,
- The Oil Well R-62 - the monument to the first oil extracted in the area,
- Pyatak - the name of a particular place in the coastal area of the city where the first geologists and builders landed in 1961. On the waterfront you can see a historical and architectural complex dedicated to the history of development of Nefteyugansk,
- The stela “Youth”, established in honor of the fifth anniversary of Nefteyugansk in 1973, embodies the youth of the city,
- The alley “Newlyweds”, an architectural complex consisting of several components.