Sverdlovsk region overview
Sverdlovsk oblast (region) (also spelled Sverdlovskaya) is one of the major regions in economic structure of the Russian Federation.
The province is situated in the center of Russia at the border line between Europe and Asia (Ural Federal District), and this is the main advantage of its geographic situation. Administrative center is Ekaterinburg city.
Sverdlovsk region has the population of 4,316,000 (2012) on the territory of 194,307 sq. km.
Sverdlovsk region facts
Sverdlovsk region is an important transportation junction of Russia - railway, automobile ways and airways cross it as well as Trans-Siberian railway. The density of railway and highways overcomes the average figures throughout the country. There is a large international airport in Ekaterinburg - Koltsovo.
The province is one of the richest regions in Russia in the amount and variety of natural resources. Iron, copper, bauxites, asbestos, coal, nickel, chromium and manganese are mined there.
The region is the main raw source for Russian aluminum industry, it’s the only in Russia producer of vanadium as it provides 97% of all production in Russia and it takes the leading place in iron ore mining. Considerable part of the territory of Sverdlovsk region (about 65%) is occupied by forests.
About 90% of Sverdlovsk region population are urban residents. There are 47 cities and towns and 99 urban settlements in the region. The region consists of 73 municipalities, 47 towns, 99 town settlements, 1,886 villages.
The largest in terms of population are the cities of Ekaterinburg (1,425,000), Nizhny Tagil (360,000), Kamensk-Uralsky (173,000), Pervouralsk (125,000), Serov (99,000) and Novouralsk (84,000).
Sverdlovsk region nature
Sverdlovsk region nature view
Sverdlovsk province nature
Sverdlovsk region landscape
Sverdlovsk region economy
Sverdlovsk region possesses rich deposits of minerals and raw materials. Traditionally, mining and metallurgical industries have been the basis of the regional economics as well as machine-building and metal working, power engineering, they make about 82% of all the industrial output of the province.
The leading place in industrial production belongs to ferrous (30% of the production volume) and non-ferrous (17.5%) metallurgy. Most of the largest plants are the leading ones in Russia.
The plants related to the Russian national defense take a special place in the economics of the region. Also chemical, forest, wood-processing, paper, light, food industries are well developed. Overall agricultural lands occupy about 2.4 million hectares.
Sverdlovsk region, located in the very middle of Russia, has a well developed transportation net and is linked with other regions by automobile ways, railway and air.
This fact has made the region an important trade center, it is a good international transportation corridor linking Europe and south-eastern Asia.
The part of Sverdlovsk province in foreign economical ties of the Russian Federation is remarkable. Main foreign trade partners are the USA, Netherlands, India, China, Great Britain, Kazakhstan and Germany.
General consulates of the US, the Great Britain, Czech Republic, Kirghiz Republic are opened in Ekaterinburg as well as embassies of Belarus Republic, Mongolia, official representations of foreign countries and a number of international organizations.
Sverdlovsk region is favorable for investing which is promoted by traditional International exhibition of armament in Nizhny Tagil, annual Russian Economic Forum in Ekaterinburg, various festivals.
Sverdlovsk province has high intellectual potential. 19 institutes of Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences work there, there are over 60 research institutes where fundamental and applied research is held.
Ekaterinburg is the 4th largest scientific center in Russia after Moscow, Saint-Petersburg and Novosibirsk.
Sverdlovsk region scenery
Sverdlovsk province scenery
Sverdlovsk region scenery
Sverdlovsk region attractions
Coniferous forests and numerous rivers make the nature of Sverdlovsk region attractive for tourists. Fauna is quite diverse: wild animals, fur-bearing animals. Flora of the region is presented by 1,900 kinds of plants. There are a lot of forest parks. Essential part of them is monuments of nature of the regional meaning.
There are 3 natural territories of the federal importance, protected by the state: state sanctuaries Visimsky (13 thousand hectares), Denezhkin Stone (78 thousand hectares) and national park Pripyshmynskie bory (45 thousand hectares).
Sverdlovsk region is one of largest cultural centers of Russia. There are 14 professional theaters and 7 theatrical studios in the capital city of the region as well as museums and exhibition halls, Sverdlovsk film studio, libraries and other cultural establishments.
In 2003, the construction of the Church-on-Blood of all the Saints became an important event in Russia and in the whole Orthodox world. The church was constructed on the place where the last Russian Tsar Nicholas II and his family were shot by Bolsheviks.