Sverdlovsk oblast overview
Sverdlovsk oblast (also spelled Sverdlovskaya) is one of the major regions in economic structure of Russian Federation. Sverdlovsk oblast is situated in the center of Russia at the border line between Europe and Asia (Ural Federal District), and this is the main advantage of its geographic situation. Administrative center is Ekaterinburg city.
Sverdlovsk oblast has the population of 4,395,000 (2009) on the territory of 194,300 sq. km.
Sverdlovsk oblast facts
Sverdlovsk oblast is an important transportation junction of Russia - railway, automobile ways and airways cross it as well as Trans-Siberian railway. The density of railway and highways overcomes the average figures throughout the country. There is a large international airport in Ekaterinburg - Koltsovo.
Sverdlovskaya oblast is one of the richest regions in Russia in the amount and variety of natural resources. Iron, copper, bauxites, asbestos, coal, nickel, chromium and manganese are mined there. The region is the main raw source for Russian aluminum industry, it’s the only in Russia producer of vanadium as it provides 97% of all production in Russia and it takes the leading place in iron ore mining. Considerable part of the territory of Sverdlovsk region (about 65%) is occupied by forests.
About 90% of Sverdlovsk oblast population are urban residents. There are 47 cities and towns and 99 urban settlements in the region. Sverdlovsk oblast consists of 73 municipalities, 47 towns, 99 town settlements, 1,886 villages.
The largest in terms of population are the cities of Ekaterinburg (1,315,000), Nizhny Tagil (378,000), Kamensk-Uralsky (182,000), Pervouralsk (134,000), Serov (99,000) and Novouralsk (93,000).
Sverdlovsk oblast nature
Sverdlovskaya oblast nature
Sverdlovsk oblast landscape
Sverdlovsk oblast economics
Sverdlovsk region possesses of huge resources of minerals and raw materials. Traditionally mining and metallurgical industries have been the basis of the regional economics as well as machine-building and metal working, power engineering, they make about 82% of all the industrial output of Sverdlovsk region.
The leading place in Sverdlovsk oblast industrial production belongs to ferrous (30% of the production volume) and non-ferrous (17.5%) metallurgy. Most of the largest plants are the leading ones in Russia.
The plants of Russian national defense sphere take a special place in the economics of the region. Also chemical, forest, wood-processing, paper, light, food industries are well developed. Overall agricultural lands of Sverdlovsk oblast occupy about 2.4 million hectares.
Sverdlovsk oblast being located in the very middle of Russia has a well developed transportation net and is linked with other regions by automobile ways, railway and air. This fact has made the oblast an important trade center for a long time and besides, for the future the oblast is a good international transportation corridor linking Europe and south-eastern Asia.
The part of Sverdlovskaya oblast in foreign economical ties of Russian Federation is remarkable. Main foreign trade partners are the USA, Netherlands, India, China, Great Britain, Kazakhstan and Germany. General consulates of USA, Great Britain, Czech Republic, Kirghiz Republic are opened in Ekaterinburg as well as embassies of Belarus Republic, Mongolia, official representations of foreign countries and international organizations.
Sverdlovsk oblast is favorable for investing which is promoted by traditional International exhibition of armament in Nizhny Tagil, annual Russian Economic Forum in Ekaterinburg, various festivals and tournaments.
Sverdlovskaya oblast has high intellectual potential. 19 institutes of Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences work there, over 60 research institutes where fundamental and applied research is held. Ekaterinburg is the 4th largest scientific center in the country after Moscow, Saint-Petersburg and Novosibirsk.
Sverdlovsk region sceneries
Sverdlovsk oblast scenery
Sverdlovsk Russia oblast scenery
Sverdlovsk oblast attractions
Coniferous forests and numerous rivers make the nature of Sverdlovsk oblast attractive for development of tourism. Fauna is quite diverse: wild animals, fur-bearing animals. Flora of the region is presented by 1,900 kinds of plants. There are a lot of forest parks. Essential part of them is monuments of nature of the regional meaning.
There are 3 natural territories of the federal meaning, protected by the state: state sanctuaries Visimsky (13 thousand hectares), Denezhkin Stone (78 thousand hectares) and national park Pripyshmynskie bory (45 thousand hectares).
Sverdlovsk oblast is one of largest cultural centers of Russia. There are 14 professional theaters and 7 theatrical studios in the capital city of the region as well as museums and exhibition halls, Sverdlovsk film studio, libraries and other cultural establishments.
The construction of all the Saints’, radiant on the Russian land Church-on-Blood in Ekaterinburg in 2003 became a great event in the country and in the whole Orthodox world. The church was constructed on the place where the last Russian Tsar Nicholas II family was shot.