Ekaterinburg (also spelled Yekaterinburg, from 1942 till 1991 - Sverdlovsk) is the fourth largest city in Russia (after Moscow, Saint-Petersburg and Novosibirsk), an administrative center of Sverdlovsk oblast (province).
The city is an important transport and logistic juncture on Trans-Siberian railway, a large industrial center. Ekaterinburg is located in central part of Eurasia, 1667 km from Moscow.
Ekaterinburg population is about 1,425,000 (2012), land area - 491 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 343, postal codes - 620000-620xxx.
Several matches of FIFA World Cup 2018 will be held in Ekaterinburg.
In spring 1723, by the emperor Peter’s I decree a construction of the largest in Russia iron producing plant started on the banks of the river Iset. Ekaterinburg was built as the capital of mining region which spread on a huge territory on both sides of the Urals, in both Europe and Asia.
Ekaterinburg plant itself in the beginning overcame in technological equipment all the metallurgical plants not only in the country but in the world.
Catherine II presented Ekaterinburg the status of a district town of Perm gubernia and it is reflected in the coat of arms of the city. During Catherine II government, the main road of the Russian Empire was constructed through a young city - Bolshoi (Big) Siberian Road.
So Ekaterinburg together with other Permian towns became a key-city to endless and rich Siberia, “a window overlooking Asia” like Saint-Petersburg was a Russian “window overlooking Europe”.
From the end of the 19th and the early 20th century, Ekaterinburg was one of the centers of revolutionary movement in the Urals. Former Russian emperor Nicholas II and his family were shot in the city in July 1918, in Ipatyev House (Church-on-Blood was built on this place recently).
From 1919, the city is the center of Ekaterinburgskaya gubernia, from 1923 till 1934 - the center of Uralskaya oblast (province). On October, 14th, 1924, it was decided to rename the city after Yakov Sverdlov, a prominent Communist Party member and the Soviet state.
In Soviet time, Sverdlovsk being a small provincial town turned into a magnificent industrial center of the state. Among Russian towns it was along the first five the most developed, by some figures - the first three towns. In 1930s, an intensive construction of machine-building and metallurgic plants began in the city.
After the World War II, new industrial and agricultural plants were put in operation, construction of new houses began, heating and gas maintenance were changed greatly, in 1980, the construction of underground began.
On September 4th, 1991, the city was recalled Ekaterinburg. In 2000s, trade, business, tourism were developing rapidly in the city.
In June 15-17, 2009, SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) and BRIC (Brasilia, Russia, India, China) summits took place in Ekaterinburg which greatly influenced economic, cultural and tourist situation in the city.
Ekaterinburg is one of the largest financial and business centers in Russia, offices of transnational corporations are located here as well as representations of foreign companies, a great number of federal and regional financial institutions.
Lately tourism has been rapidly developed. Ekaterinburg has a lot of tourist attractions as well as its outskirts. There are over 600 monuments of history and culture in Ekaterinburg, 43 of which are of federal importance.
It is the third (after Moscow and Saint-Petersburg) largest transportation juncture - 6 federal highways, 7 railways meet here.
The main air gate of the city is an international airport “Koltsovo”. The airport is the largest and the most modern in Russia except Moscow and Saint-Petersburg - in 2008 it served 2.52 millions passengers, 1.003 millions - on international flights.
Flights to 104 cities of the world are carried out from “Koltsovo”. Another airport of the city “Uktus” serves local lines and charter flights of business aviation.
Yekaterinburg modern architecture
Ekaterinburg is the main administrative, cultural, scientific and educational center of the Ural region of Russia. The city has the status of Ural Federal District center; headquarters of Volga-Ural military district as well as Presidium of Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Science are located here. Besides, there are 35 territorial bodies of federal power here, that’s why the city received the name “The Capital of Ural”.
It’s worth saying that the geographical location of Ekaterinburg is extremely favorable and eventually this fact influenced the development of the city. The city is located in the Urals where the mountains are low, this fact favored the construction of main transportation ways from Central Russia to Siberia through Ekaterinburg (Bolshoi Siberian road, Trans-Siberian railway).
As a result Ekaterinburg was formed as a strategically important center of Russia which provides connection between European and Asian parts of the country till nowadays.
Ekaterinburg is located in the region with a moderate continental type of climate with special sharp changeable weather and well expressed seasons.