Ekaterinburg or Yekaterinburg, from 1942 till 1991 - Sverdlovsk, is the fourth largest city in Russia (after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk), the capital of the Sverdlovsk region. It is an important transport and logistic hub on the Trans-Siberian Railway, a large industrial center, located in the central part of Eurasia, 1,667 km from Moscow.
Several matches of FIFA World Cup 2018 will be held in Ekaterinburg.
The population of Ekaterinburg is about 1,428,000 (2015), the area - 491 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 343, the postal codes - 620000-620920.
In spring 1723, by the emperor Peter’s I decree, construction of the largest in Russia iron producing plant began on the banks of the Iset River. Ekaterinburg was built as the capital of the mining region spread on a huge territory on both sides of the Urals, in Europe and Asia.
After completion of construction, Ekaterinburg plant overcame in technological equipment all other metallurgical plants not only in the country, but in the world.
More Historical Facts…
Catherine II presented Ekaterinburg the status of a district town of Perm gubernia. The main road of the Russian Empire was constructed through a young town - Bolshoi (Big) Siberian Road.
That’s why Ekaterinburg, together with other Permian towns, became a key-town to endless and rich Siberia, “a window overlooking Asia” like St. Petersburg was a Russian “window overlooking Europe”.
From the end of the 19th and the early 20th century, Ekaterinburg was one of the centers of revolutionary movement in the Urals. Former Russian emperor Nicholas II and his family were shot in the city in July 1918, in Ipatyev’s House. Church-on-Blood was built on this place recently.
From 1919, the city was the center of Ekaterinburg gubernia, from 1923 till 1934 - the center of Ural oblast (province). On October, 14, 1924, it was decided to rename the city after Yakov Sverdlov, a prominent Communist Party leader.
In Soviet times, Sverdlovsk, being originally a relatively small provincial town, turned into a large industrial center. In 1930s, intensive construction of machine-building and metallurgic plants began in the city.
After the World War II, new industrial and agricultural plants were put in operation, construction of new houses began, heating and gas maintenance were changed greatly. In 1980, construction of the subway began.
On September 4, 1991, the city received its original name again. In 2000s, trade, business, tourism were developing rapidly in the city.
In June 15-17, 2009, SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) and BRIC (Brasilia, Russia, India, China) summits took place in Ekaterinburg, which greatly influenced economic, cultural and tourist situation in the city.
Ekaterinburg economy and transport
Right from its foundation, Ekaterinburg was a major industrial center. In the 18th century, the main industries were smelting and metal processing, since the beginning of the 19th century - machine-building, and, in the second half of the 19th century, light and food (in particular - milling) industries.
A new round of development came in the period of industrialization. This time, giant heavy machinery plants were built. During the Second World War, about 60 enterprises were evacuated from Central Russia and Ukraine to Sverdlovsk. Today, more than two hundred large and medium-sized enterprises are registered in Yekaterinburg.
Today, Ekaterinburg is one of the largest financial and business centers in Russia. Offices of transnational corporations, branch offices of foreign companies, a great number of federal and regional financial institutions can be found in the city.
More facts about the local economy…
It is the third (after Moscow and St. Petersburg) largest transportation hub of Russia - 6 federal highways, 7 railways meet here.
The main air gate of Ekaterinburg is an international airport “Koltsovo”. It is one of the largest and most modern airports in Russia handling millions of passengers a year.
Flights to dozens of cities located all over the world are carried out from “Koltsovo”. The other city airport “Uktus” offers local flights and charter flights of business aviation.
Ekaterinburg is the main administrative, cultural, scientific and educational center of the Urals. It is the official center of the Ural Federal District. The headquarters of Volga-Ural military district and the Presidium of the Urals branch of the Russian Academy of Science are located here. Besides, dozens of territorial bodies of federal power can be found in the city. That’s why Ekaterinburg received the name “The Capital of the Urals.”
It’s worth saying that the geographical location of Ekaterinburg is extremely favorable and this fact influenced the development of the city. It is located in the Urals at the point where the mountains are low. This fact favored construction of the main transportation ways from Central Russia to Siberia through Ekaterinburg (Big Siberian Road, Trans-Siberian railway).
As a result, Ekaterinburg became a strategically important city providing connection between European and Asian parts of the country.
Ekaterinburg is located in a zone of moderate continental climate with harsh weather variability, well-defined seasons. The average temperature in January is -12,6 degrees Celsius, in July - +19 degrees C.
Yekaterinburg modern architecture
Interesting facts about Yekaterinburg
- It was founded by the decree of the first Russian Emperor Peter I and the last Russian Emperor Nicholas II was shot here,
- Roofing iron, produced in Yekaterinburg, at one time covered the roof of the British parliament,
- The frame of the American Statue of Liberty is made of metal produced in Yekaterinburg,
- During the Second World War, Sverdlovsk was the center of broadcasting in the USSR,
- A minor planet (27736) Yekaterinburg, opened September 22, 1990 by the Belgian astronomer Eric Elst, is named in honor of the city,
- June 16, 2009, the first official summit of the BRIC was held here,
- Skyscraper “Vysotsky”, officially opened on November 25, 2011, is the most northerly skyscraper in the world (188 meters), and the only skyscraper in Russia outside Moscow,
- The cemetery of Ekaterinburg houses is a place with photos of destroyed architectural monuments.
Ekaterinburg places of interest
Ekaterinburg townspeople talk
Ekaterinburg historic place
Yekaterinburg wooden church
Ekaterinburg places of interest
In 2014, Ekaterinburg became the third most popular Russian city among foreign tourists (after Moscow and St. Petersburg).
The city and its outskirts have a lot of tourist attractions. There are over 600 monuments of history and culture in the city, 43 of them are of federal importance. In general, the city retained a large number of architectural monuments of the 19th century built in the classical style, as well as buildings in the style of constructivism of 1920s.
The city has about 50 different museums. The oldest museums are:
- Sverdlovsk Regional Museum of Local Lore (Malyshev Street, 46),
- Ekaterinburg Museum of Fine Arts (Weiner Street, 11, and Voevodin Street, 5),
- Ural Geological Museum (Kuibyshev Street, 39),
- United Museum of Writers of the Urals (Tolmachev Street, 41),
- Sverdlovsk Regional Fire-Technical Exhibition (Karl Liebknecht Street, 8),
- Military History Museum (Pervomayskaya Street, 27).
A lot of other local sights…
- State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater,
- Academic Theater of Musical Comedy,
- Academic Drama Theater,
- Theater for Young People,
- Puppet Theater,
- “Provincial dances” theater and others.
The Sverdlovsk Film Studio, opened in 1943, is the only studio in Russia outside Moscow and St. Petersburg making not only documentary, but also feature movies. In total, more than 200 feature films, 100 animated films, and 1500 documentaries were filmed here. In 2005, a mockumentary “First on the Moon” won the Venice Film Festival prize.
Sverdlovsk State Philharmonic Society is one of the best Russian philharmonic with a 700 seats concert hall and an organ.
Yekaterinburg Zoo, located within one block in the city center (an area of 2.5 hectares), has a rich collection consisting of more than 700 animals.
The Central Park of Culture and Rest named after Mayakovsky is the main city park, a popular place for holding mass events. The park has a variety of rides, a summer theater, a musical fountain, a children’s railway.
Yekaterinburg State Circus named after V.I. Filatov is an entertainment facility with 2,600 seats offering a new circus program every year.
Aqua Gallery is one of the largest in Russia exhibition of exotic fish. There are more than 40 aquariums, a pond with a sight glass and the first underwater tunnel in the Urals.
Other attractions in the historic center of Ekaterinburg:
- Square of 1905 year - the main city square,
- The dam of the city pond on the Iset River and the adjacent Historic park with the Museum of Industry, Architecture and Nature of the Urals, the Fine Arts Museum, and the monument to the city founders Tatishchev and De Gennin,
- Church-on-Blood in Honor of All Saints Who Shone Forth in the Russian Land, built in 2003 on the site of the demolished, in September 1977, Ipatiev House, where Nicholas II and his family were killed,
- The building of Ural State Conservatory on Lenin Avenue,
- The manor of Rastorguev - Kharitonov - a large manor complex of the Ural merchants with a landscaped park and a pond,
- The manor of Zotov / Tarasov on the embankment of the city pond (the official residence of the governor of the Sverdlovsk region),
- Sevastyanov House - the pearl of the architectural ensemble of the city pond dam,
- Literary Block near the embankment of the city pond,
- Church of the Ascension, located on the hill of the same name, with a panoramic view of the central part of Yekaterinburg,
- the monuments to Kirov, Lenin, and Sverdlov.
An unfinished 220-meter TV tower located near the circus and resembling a chess queen is also one of the local sights. The height of the finished tower was to be 360 meters.