Nizhny Tagil overview
Nizhny Tagil (also spelled Nizhniy Tagil, Nizhni Tagil, Niznij Tagil) is the second largest city of Sverdlovsk oblast of Russia. It is one of the largest and oldest mining and metallurgical centers in Russia.
Nizhny Tagil has the population of about 360,000 (2012), land area - 298 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 3435; postal codes - 622000-622051.
Nizhny Tagil history
October 8, 1722, is considered the date of Nizhny Tagil foundation when the first product - cast iron - was produced at Vyisky plant. The plant was founded by Demidov dynasty, they possessed Tagil plants before the revolution.
There is a myth saying that Tagil metal was used in constructing the Liberty Statue in New York (as if Tagil iron was first sold to a French citizen who afterwards sent the iron bought for the Statue fusing).
The city developed as an industrial center which united cast-iron fusing and iron-making plants, mines and pits. Metal-working crafts were also developed in Nizhny Tagil. Especially famous were chest production and painted trays.
In the first half of the 19th century, Nizhny Tagil growth was linked first of all with developing copper, gold and platinum industry which was one of the leading industries in the Urals at that time.
Nizhny Tagil outnumbered a lot of cities in Russia, in Permskaya gubernia it was the third largest city after Perm and Yekaterinburg, but nevertheless Nizhnytagilsky plant remained a mining and metallurgical settlement.
In 1930, it was decided to form the second coal and metallurgical base in the east of Russia. The industrial base formed before the war in the city made it possible to locate there dozens of evacuated plants which provided T-34 tanks production together with Uralvagonzavod. Most of the tanks T-34 in the Red Army were produced in Nizhny Tagil.
Nizhny Tagil streets
Nizhny Tagil street scenery
Nizhny Tagil features, attractions
Nizhny Tagil at present is the largest industrial and transportation center in the Middle Urals. Heavy industry plants are leading in the city economics, light and food industries are developing.
Nizhnytagilsky metallurgical plant and Uralvagonzavod are the main ones in the city.
There is a unique museum-reserve “Gornozavodskoy Ural” formed on the basis of the oldest provincial museum opened in 1841 and the old plant. The museum possesses about half a million exhibits.
It includes the following museums: Nizhnytagilsky museum of history and local study, plant-museum, museum of nature, “Cherepanovs’ House” museum of history and techniques, local population crafts’ museum, tray history museum, mineralogical museum, 2 literary museums of the writers A.A.Bodin and D.N.Mamin-Sibiryak.
The founders of Russian steam-locomotive building Ye.A. and M.Ye. Cherepanovs came from Nizhny Tagil. The Khudoyarovs’ painters dynasty worked in the city. V.Ye.Grum-Grzhimailo and K.P.Polenov lived and worked in Nizhny Tagil, writer A.P.Bondin was born and lived there.
In Nizhny Tagil annual international exhibitions take place in early July: “Russian Expo Arms” and “Russian Defense Expo”. Tanks T-90 are produced in the city (“Uralvagonzavod”). Once in 2 years, in early September, the Ural exhibition of railway transportation, automobiles, special transportation and road-building equipment “Magistral” takes place in the city.