Volgograd city, Russia

The capital city of Volgograd oblast.

Volgograd overview

Volgograd (in 1589-1925 - Tsaritsyn, in 1925-1961 - Stalingrad) is a city in Russia, the capital of the Volgograd region located in the southeast of the European part of Russia, on the banks of the Volga River. Volgograd has the status of “Hero City” because of the Battle of Stalingrad that took place here during the Second World War.

Several matches of FIFA World Cup 2018 will be held in Volgograd.

The population of Volgograd is about 1,016,000 (2015), the area - 859 sq. km.

The phone codes - +7 844 2, +7 844 11, +7 844 96; the postal codes - 400000-400138.

Volgograd city flag

Volgograd city flag

Volgograd city coat of arms

Volgograd city coat of arms

Volgograd city map, Russia

Volgograd city map of Russia

Volgograd history

The first settlement on the territory of present Volgograd was founded presumably in 1555. In 1589, it was first mentioned in the historical materials as a small fort called Tsaritsyn, standing on an island at the confluence of the Tsaritsa and the Volga rivers. The fort was named after the Tsaritsa River.

At the beginning of the 17th century, Tsaritsyn burned down and was newly rebuilt on the right bank of the Volga in 1615. The fortress was an important part of the Russian southern defense line.

The reforms of Peter I greatly increased the country’s power (organization of the army, industry and government). In the 1750s, the Russian expansion to the Crimea, the Caucasus and Central Asia started. Tsaritsyn was located far from these regions and therefore began to turn in a small peaceful provincial town. In the 19th century, it became a large river port and trade center.

More Historical Facts…

After the abolition of serfdom in 1861, the rapid growth of the town’s industry began, aided by convenient transport routes - the Volga River and developed railway network. In 1880, an oil refinery of “Nobel” company came into operation, Russia’s largest oil storage facilities were built here.

At the beginning of the 20th century, there were more than 230 factories in Tsaritsyn. In 1913, the population of the town was about 130,000. In 1918-1920, during the Civil War in Russia, Tsaritsyn became a place of fierce fighting.

In 1925, the city was renamed in honor of Stalin. Stalingrad became one of the centers of the Soviet heavy industry. During the the Second World War, the Battle of Stalingrad took place here. It was one of the turning points of the war, one of the biggest battles in history.

Stalingrad was completely destroyed during the battle that lasted almost seven months. The city’s population was only about 32,000 inhabitants, the population before the war - about 450,000. 41,685 houses were destroyed (90.5%). In 1945, it received the status of “Hero City”.

In the 1950s, a large-scale construction of monumental buildings in the style of Stalin’s empire began. These buildings still determine the appearance of the city today. In 1961, Stalingrad was renamed again as part of Nikita Khrushchev’s de-Stalinization program. The city received the name Volgograd meaning “city on the Volga River”. In 1967, the memorial complex of Mamaev Kurgan was built in memory of the Battle of Stalingrad.

In 1989, the city’s population exceeded 1 million. In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Volgograd experienced a catastrophic decline in industry and municipal economy. Since the mid-2000s, the growth of the local industry began, construction intensified.

Volgograd streets

On the street in Volgograd

On the street in Volgograd

Author: Victor Belousov

Busy intersection in Volgograd

Busy intersection in Volgograd

Author: Victor Belousov

Volgograd cityscape

Volgograd cityscape

Author: Igor Kurylko


Volgograd features

Volgograd is one of the fastest growing tourist centers in the south of Russia with a long tradition of historical tourism. The monument-ensemble of Mamayev Hill, the museum-panorama “The Battle of Stalingrad” are the world famous symbols of the Second World War, which to this day attract tourists in Volgograd. The silhouette of the sculpture “Motherland” is one of the main symbols of Volgograd. City Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of September.

The climate is temperate continental. Winters are mild, with frequent thaws, summers are hot and long. The average temperature in January - minus 6.3 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 23.6 degrees Celsius.

It is a large transport hub connecting the city with the Caucasus, Moscow, Siberian regions, the Donbas region of Ukraine. The longest road in Europe (E40) (from Calais in France to Ridder in Kazakhstan) passes through Volgograd. The highway R22 (Moscow-Astrakhan) passes through the city, the highways R228 (to Saratov), R221 (to Elista), M221 (to Donetsk, Ukraine), R226 (to Samara) start here.

Volgograd International Airport (Gumrak), located about 15 km from the city center, offers regular flights to Moscow, Ekaterinburg, Saratov, Sochi, Surgut.

More Features…

Volgograd, due to its favorable transportation and geographical position and high industrial potential, plays an important role in the socio-economic development of the South of Russia. It is an important industrial center: aluminum, steel and chemical production, oil refining, shipbuilding, machinery and vehicles manufacturing. Volgograd hydroelectric power station is located in the north of the city.

The city stretches for 90 km along the right bank of the Volga River. You can get to the left bank of the Volga via the dam of the hydroelec power station (to Volzhsky city) or Volgograd bridge (to Krasnoslobodsk).

The Volga-Don Canal begins in the southern part of the city connecting Volgograd with the Caspian, Black, Baltic and White Seas, Moscow and St. Petersburg.

Volgograd pictures

Volgograd architecture

Volgograd architecture

Author: Victor Belousov

In the center of Volgograd

In the center of Volgograd

Author: Victor Belousov

Colonnade and stairs on the central quay of Volgograd

Colonnade and stairs on the central quay of Volgograd

Author: Igor Kurylko


Volgograd places of interest

Volgograd museums

  • The Historical and Memorial Complex Mamayev Kurgan (Marshala Chuykova Street, 47),
  • The Museum-Reserve “The Battle of Stalingrad” - the largest and most famous museum in Volgograd that includes Gerhardt’s Mill (a steam mill built in the early 20th century that was destroyed during the Battle of Stalingrad and was not restored in memory of the war), the panorama of the Battle of Stalingrad (the biggest picture in Russia), an exhibition of Soviet military vehicles of the 1940s (Marshala Chuykova Street, 47),
  • Volgograd Memorial and Historical Museum (Gogolya Street, 10),
  • Volgograd Regional Museum of Local Lore (Lenina Avenue, 5a, 7),
  • The Historical, Ethnographic and Architectural Museum-Reserve “Old Sarepta” dedicated to the memory of German colonists of the 18th century (Izobilnaya Street, 10),
  • Volgograd Museum of Fine Arts named after I.I. Mashkov (Lenina Avenue, 21),
  • Volgograd Regional Children’s Art Gallery (Sovetskaya Street, 26).

Volgograd theaters and other cultural institutions

  • State Don Cossack Theater (Akademicheskaya Street, 3),
  • Volgograd Regional Puppet Theater (Lenina Avenue, 15),
  • Volgograd Youth Theater (Alleya Geroyev Street, 4),
  • Municipal Musical Theater (Marshala Chuykova, 4),
  • New Experimental Theater (Mira Street, 12),
  • Volgograd State Theater “Tsaritsyn opera” (Lenina Avenue, 97),
  • Volgograd Regional Philharmonic (Naberezhnaya of 62th Army Street, 4),
  • Volgograd Planetarium (Gagarina Street, 14).

Volgograd city of Russia photos

Volgograd places

Volgograd railway station

Volgograd railway station

Author: Dmitriy Tkachenko

Volgograd planetarium

Volgograd planetarium

Author: Sean Fitzgerel

Tank T-72 in Volgograd

Tank T-72 in Volgograd

Author: Igor Borozdin


Volgograd monuments

Motherland monument in Volgograd

Motherland monument in Volgograd

Author: Maxim Popov

Monument to Alexander Nevsky in Volgograd

Monument to Alexander Nevsky in Volgograd

Author: Ermolayev Sergey

Gerhardt's Mill destroyed during the Battle of Stalingrad

Gerhardt's Mill destroyed during the Battle of Stalingrad

Author: Phil Johnson


The museum-panorama "The Battle of Stalingrad" - explore Volgograd streets yourself


The questions of our visitors

Robert asks: How safe is it to visit Volgograd as I was told some place in Russia are unsafe.
Expert's answer:
It is safe enough to visit the city. Crime rate in Volgograd is below Russian average. In any case our usual advice is not to walk alone in the evening/night time especially if you are not in the central part of the city, don't carry a lot of cash (better use Visa/Mastercard), try to avoid conflicts with locals especially in night clubs/bars, etc.
Dolores Skinner asks: How close geographically is Volgograd to Moscow? I would like to correspond with anyone interested in learning about home life here.
Expert's answer:
Volgograd is located about 969 kilometers south-east of Moscow (by roads).

The comments of our visitors

Mike Evens
Volgograd
I would like to visit Volgograd

Carol
Volgograd
The city is beautiful and so clean. The buildings are very unique. My son is studying in Volgograd. I wanted to see what it was like. I am so glad I did. Very impressive.

Alexander
just browsing
Looks a lovely place

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