Volgograd (former Tsaritsyn and Stalingrad) is the capital and administrative center of Volgograd region of Russia. The city is located in the southeastern part of European Russia on the Volga River. Volgograd has the status of “Hero City” of Russia because of Battle of Stalingrad happened here during the Second World War.
Volgograd has the population of 1,019,000 (2012), land area - 859 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 844 2; postal codes - 400000-400138.
Several matches of FIFA World Cup 2018 will be held in Volgograd.
Volgograd was founded in 1589. That time it was a small fortress called Tsaritsyn standing at the Tsaritsa and the Volga rivers confluence. The fortress was a part of Russian southern borders defense system and later (in the 19th century) became large river port and trade center. During the Russian Civil War, Tsaritsyn was the place of heavy fights.
After the Civil War, in 1925, the city was renamed after Soviet leader Stalin. The city received name Stalingrad and soon became one of the centers of Soviet heavy industry. Stalingrad became the place where Battle of Stalingrad happened during the the World War II.
It was one of the turning points of the World War II and the largest battle in mankind history. The city was totally destroyed during the battle that lasted for about seven months. It received the title “Hero City” in 1945.
The Battle of Stalingrad is commemorated by large memorial complex dominated by Mother Russia monument. The monument is erected on Mamayev Kurgan - the hill of numerous fights during the battle.
There are various artifacts of the World War II in Panorama museum located nearby. For example the museum has Vasily Zaytsev sniper rifle. Vasily Zaytsev is famous Russian sniper. You have the opportunity to know more about him with the help of Hollywood movie “Enemy at the gate”.
In 1961, Stalingrad was renamed again as part of Nikita Khrushchev’s de-Stalinization program. The city received name Volgograd meaning “City on the Volga River”.
Nowadays, Volgograd plays an important role as industrial center of Russia. Main industries of the city are aluminum, steel and chemical production, oil refining, shipbuilding, machinery and vehicles manufacturing. Also it should be mentioned that Volgograd Hydroelectric Plant is situated near the northern part of the city.
It is a large transport junction connecting city with Caucasus, Donbas region of Ukraine, Moscow and Siberia regions of Russia. Volgograd is located at Volga-Don Canal eastern end.
The longest European route (E40) (from Calais of France to Ridder of Kazakhstan) goes through Volgograd.