Volgograd (former Tsaritsyn and Stalingrad) is a city in Russia, the capital of the Volgograd region located in the southeast of the European part of Russia, on the banks of the Volga River. Volgograd has the status of “Hero City” because of the Battle of Stalingrad that took place here during the Second World War.
Several matches of FIFA World Cup 2018 will be held in Volgograd.
The population of Volgograd is about 1,016,000 (2015), the area - 859 sq. km.
The phone codes - +7 844 2, +7 844 11, +7 844 96; the postal codes - 400000-400138.
Volgograd was founded in 1589. At that time it was a small fortress called Tsaritsyn standing at the confluence of the Tsaritsa and the Volga rivers. The fortress was part of the Russian southern borders defense system. In the 19th century, it became a large river port and trade center.
In 1925, the city was renamed in honor of Stalin. Stalingrad became one of the centers of the Soviet heavy industry. During the the Second World War, the Battle of Stalingrad took place here. It was one of the turning points of the war, one of the biggest battles in history. The city was completely destroyed during the battle that lasted almost seven months. In 1945, it received the status of “Hero City”.
More Historical Facts…
The Battle of Stalingrad is commemorated by a large memorial complex dominated by a giant Mother Russia monument erected on Mamayev Kurgan - the hill of numerous fights during the battle.
There are various artifacts of the World War II in the Panorama museum located nearby. For example, the museum has Vasily Zaytsev’s sniper rifle. Vasily Zaytsev was a famous Soviet sniper. You can learn more about him, if you watch the movie “Enemy at the Gates”.
In 1961, Stalingrad was renamed again as part of Nikita Khrushchev’s de-Stalinization program. The city received the name “Volgograd” meaning “City on the Volga River”.
Nowadays, Volgograd plays an important role as industrial center of Russia. Main industries of the city are aluminum, steel and chemical production, oil refining, shipbuilding, machinery and vehicles manufacturing. Also it should be mentioned that Volgograd Hydroelectric Plant is situated near the northern part of the city.
It is a large transport junction connecting city with Caucasus, Donbas region of Ukraine, Moscow and Siberia regions of Russia. Volgograd is located at Volga-Don Canal eastern end.
The longest European route (E40) (from Calais of France to Ridder of Kazakhstan) goes through Volgograd.