Salekhard (also spelled Salehard) is a city in Russia, an administrative center of Yamalo-Nenets autonomous okrug, one of few Russian administrative centers which is less than other cities of the region in both population and industrial output.
Salekhard is the fourth largest city in the region after Novy Urengoy, Noyabrsk, Nadym, the only city in the world located on the latitude of Northern Polar Circle.
Salekhard population is about 46,500 (2012).
The phone code is +7 34922; postal code - 629000.
Salekhard was founded in 1595 and was called Obdorskaya fortress (on Komi people language “near the Ob”). In 1635, the first inhabitants came to the settlement. In 1807, the fortifications were pulled down. Obdorsk became a town and till the end of 1923 remained the center of Obdorskaya volost, Beruozovski uyezd, Tobolskaya gubernia.
On November 3rd, 1923, Obdorsk became the center of Obdorsky district, Uralskaya oblast. On December 10th, 1930, it became the center of Yamal (Nenets) national district. On June 20th, 1933, the settlement received new name - Salekhard (on Nenets people language Sale-Kharad means “settlement on the cape”).
On November 27th, 1938, it became a city. Both in Tsar and Soviet Russia it was known as a place of exile.
Salekhard is located on the right bank of the river Polui not far from where it flows into the Ob, 2,436 km from Moscow. About 16 km from Salekhard, on the other bank of the Ob, the town and railway station Labytnangi is located.
The city is connected by ferry across the Ob River (in summer) and ice road (in winter) with the railway station Labytnanga. There are plans to construct the bridge across the Ob River connecting Salekhard and Labytnanga.
There is a river port in the city (boats to Khanty-Mansiysk, Omsk and small settlements on the banks of the Ob inlet). There is also an airport in Salekhard.
There is a fish canning plant, milk-processing plant, a plant of construction materials, wood-processing base in the city.