Maykop city, Russia (Maikop)

The capital city of Adygeya republic.

Maykop overview

Maykop (other spelling Maikop) is an administrative center and capital city of Adygeya Republic of Russia. The city is located on the left bank of the Belaya (White) River about 1,600 km south of Moscow.

Maykop population is about 144,000 (2012), land area - 58 sq. km.

The phone code is +7 8772, postal code - 385000.

Maykop city flag

Maykop city flag

Maykop city coat of arms

Maykop city coat of arms

Maykop city map, Russia

Maykop city map of Russia

Maykop facts

Maykop is one of the most beautiful cities in the Northern Caucasus region. It is due to broad streets, a lot of green trees and bushes, a lot of squares, parks and a very picturesque park above the river Belaya.

Almost all the industry of the Republic of Adygeya is located in Maykop. Main industries are as follows: food, wood-processing, paper and pulp, machine-building and metal-working and light industries.

The city is a big transportation juncture of the republic. The local electric trains bring passengers to the coast of the Black Sea: to Tuapse, Sochi, Adler.

There are two main universities in Maykop: Adygeya State University and Maykop State Technological University. There are two airports in the city: “Maykop” and “Khanskaya”. It is planned to open an international airport “Maykop”.

Maykop sceneries

Maykop street scenery

Maykop street scenery

Author: Asker Koshubaev

Maykop city view

Maykop city view

Author: Konstantin Seryshev

Maykop city scenery

Maykop city scenery

Author: Konstantin Seryshev


Maykop history

Maykop was founded in 1857. That time it was the Russian settlement and fortress populated by Kuban Cossacks. In 1858-1863, the fortress was playing an important role during the end of Russian Caucasus War due to its strategic position. The settlement received town status in 1870.

Several oil deposits were discovered in Maykop city area in 1911. In 1936, the city with the surrounding territories joined the Adygeya Autonomous oblast and became the capital city of the oblast.

In August 1942, it was captured by Nazi Germany army. The city was liberated in January, 1943. Maykop received the status of the capital of Adygeya Republic of Russia in 1991.

Maykop places

Maikop post office

Maikop post office

Author: Konstantin Seryshev

Maykop movie theater

Maykop movie theater

Author: Konstantin Seryshev

Maikop white bear

Maikop white bear

Author: Konstantin Seryshev


Maykop features

The word “maykop” from Adygeya people language means “The valley of apple trees”. There is a military base on the southern side of Maykop along the river housing 131st Motor Rifle Brigade of North Caucasus Military District.

The city is worldwide known for its archaeological excavations of the end of the 19th century. They resulted in finding Maykop Hills of the Bronze Age. Precious vessels were found in the tribe leader’s burial, at present they are exposed in the Hermitage.

In the regional museum of local study there are rich collections of folk applied arts, among them unique collections of gold-sewn works, silver coins and daggers.

There are 2 drama theaters (Russian and Adygean), a philharmonic society, Chamber music theater, museum of local study and history and the Northern-Caucasus branch of the State museum of East nations art in the city.

The center of Maykop is formed by Drouzhba (Friendship) Square with the monument “Drouzhba” (1968), erected in honor of the 400th anniversary of uniting with Russia and also by Lenin Square with the number of governmental buildings.

Among large public buildings worth noting are the following ones: hotel “Agygeya” (1956), Communications House (1956), movie theater “Oktyabr” (1961), Justice House (1966), city art school (1972), Adygeya Government House (1988), National Museum of Local Study (1992).

In the northern outskirt of Maykop there is the Memorial on common grave of 4,000 Red Army soldiers perished in September 1918, and the Black Sea fleet sailors who in 1942 committed airborne landing - the first one during the Great Patriotic War.

There is also a recreation area in Maykop - the Recreation Park stretches along the river Belaya.

The outskirts of Maykop, especially the river Belaya canyon attract tourists by nature beauty and a lot of places of interest.

In 1929-1938, famous scientist and academician N.I.Vavilov lived and worked in the settlement Shuntuk.

In the Upper Belyay there is Caucasian State reserve founded in 1924. Most of its part and its center - Guzeripl - are located on the territory of Adygeya Republic.

Maykop city of Russia photos

Maikop attractions

Maikop Eternal flame

Maikop Eternal flame

Author: Konstantin Seryshev

Maykop jet fighter

Maykop jet fighter

Author: Aleksey Pogoryansky

Maikop philharmonic

Maikop philharmonic

Author: Konstantin Seryshev


Maykop mosque

Maykop mosque

Maykop mosque

Author: Radjeb Tsey


Start your Maykop tour at the city mosque


The questions of our visitors

Issam HajHasan asks: Population of Maykop and the percentage of different people?
Expert's answer:
The population of Maykop is about 144,000 (2011). Ethnic composition of the population: Russians (69,8%), Adygeys (19,1%), Armenians (3%), Ukrainians (2,5%), others (5,6%).

The comments of our visitors

Paul Miller
Visit
Thanks for the information. I plan to visit your city soon. I'm an American studying in Pyatigorsk. Again...thanks.

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