Kurgan city, Russia

The capital city of Kurgan oblast.

Kurgan overview

Kurgan is an administrative center of Kurgan oblast. The city is standing on the Tobol River banks about 2,000 km from Moscow. It is one of the oldest Siberian cities. There is an airport in Kurgan.

Kurgan population - 328,000 (2012), land area - 393 sq. km.

The phone code - +7 3522; postal codes - 640000-640020.

Kurgan city flag

Kurgan city flag

Kurgan city coat of arms

Kurgan city coat of arms

Kurgan city map, Russia

Kurgan city map of Russia

Kurgan facts

Kurgan received its name after monumental nomad burial places (“kurgans”). Architectural monuments of the 19th-20th centuries can be found among the city constructions.

The outlook of Kurgan changed together with political epochs changes. Before the revolution of 1917, Kurgan consisted of wooden houses. After collectivization process started the city grew but prevalence of the so-called “private sector” remained till the 50s of the 20th century.

High-rise buildings started being constructed in the city when the country restored after the war. First these were 3- and 4-storey buildings in the center of the city. It was the time when the ensemble of the Central Square was formed.

But the final outlook of the central streets and yards was determined in the 60s-70s. The district Zaozyorny was constructed in this period.

Starting from the end of the 1990s, there were 2 tendencies in Kurgan construction: cottage districts and point construction.

The 21th century began with the developing of Zaozyorny district (the 4th district began being formed) and high-rise buildings construction - 17-storey ones (before that the building of tax police constructed in socialist time had been the only skyscraper in Kurgan).

In the city there is the exhibition center, Kurgan arts museum, Kurgan aviation museum, several museums linked with the history of the region, among them Kurgan museum of local study, the Decembrists house-museums as well as of poets and fairy-tale tellers.

There is the Puppet show theater “Gulliver”, the regional Drama theater, regional philharmonic society, young spectator theater “Subota” (Saturday).

There are the following educational institutes in the city: Kurgan Agricultural Academy, Kurgan State University, Kurgan International University, Kurgan Military Academy, Kurgan Railroad school Academy.

Kurgan views

Kurgan street view

Kurgan street view

Author: Boris Busigin

Kurgan street

Kurgan street

Author: Oleg Savona

Kurgan city view

Kurgan city view

Author: Igor Guryanov


Kurgan history

The exact foundation date of Kurgan is unknown. The official foundation date is 1662 and the first name of the settlement - Tsaryovo Gorodishche. In 1738, the settlement received new name - Kurgan Sloboda (Kurganskaya Sloboda). In 1782, the settlement received town status and name Kurgan.

In 1856, the population of Kurgan town was about 3,500. There were two stone churches and seven stone houses. In 1892, the railway was built connecting Kurgan with other parts of Russia.

Kurgan oblast was formed in 1943 and Kurgan became its administrative center. In 1998, current flag and coat of arms were adopted by Kurgan administration.

Kurgan city of Russia photos

Kurgan sceneries

Kurgan city scenery

Kurgan city scenery

Author: Boris Busigin

Kurgan scenery

Kurgan scenery

Author: Boris Busigin

Kurgan city view

Kurgan city view

Author: Boris Busigin


Kurgan places

Kurgan central square

Kurgan central square

Author: Boris Busigin

Kurgan post office

Kurgan post office

Author: Alexander Alpatkin

Kurgan theater

Kurgan theater

Author: Nikolay Pushilin


Kurgan pictures

Kurgan architecture

Kurgan architecture

Author: Boris Busigin

Kurgan winter view

Kurgan winter view

Author: Nikolay Pushilin

Kurgan church

Kurgan church

Author: Boris Busigin


Lenin monument on the central square - start your Kurgan tour here


The comments of our visitors

Andy
Kurgan City

I visited Kurgan last year for a whole month! We took the train from Moscow, and arrived in Kurgan 36 hours later. I liked many parts of the City, which appears to have improvements on the go.

I like the huge red fire engine, never seen anything like it before. Opposite the tank factory was this huge shop complex which was quite impressive.

The only thing I noticed was that we made NO new friends! Is not like London I suppose, and perhaps people are more conservative. Generally in Russia the streets are virtually spotless, and Kurgan was no exception.


Natalia Sabirova
My city
Missing my hometown!!!

Arthur
Kurgan
Been to your city liked it very much and hope to visit again one day

William Andruschak
Awsome
You have a beautiful city in a wonderful area, I have never been there but hope to go someday. William Vancouver B.C. Canada

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