Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky city, Russia

The capital city of Kamchatka krai.

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky overview

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is a city and a sea port located in the Far East of Russia, the capital of Kamchatka krai. It is a base of the Russian Pacific Fleet.

The population of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is about 181,000 (2015), the area - 362 sq. km.

The phone codes - +7 415, +7 4152, the postal codes - 683000-683049.

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky city flag

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky city flag

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky city coat of arms

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky city coat of arms

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky city map, Russia

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky city map of Russia

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky history

Russian Cossacks discovered the Kamchatka Peninsula in the middle of the 17th century, and finally annexed it to the Russian kingdom in 1697. They founded a fort in Avacha Bay, near the village of Aushin.

October 17, 1740 is the official date of foundation of Petropavlovsk. It happened during the second Kamchatka expedition headed by Vitus Bering and Alexey Chirikov (1733-1743). The ships were called “St. Apostle Peter” and “St. Apostle Paul”, so the new settlement received the name Petropavlov.

In 1779, the harbor of Petropavlov was visited by two British military ships “Discovery” and “Resolution” during the second round-the-world expedition of James Cook. Charles Clerke, who lead the expedition after Cook’s death was buried in this harbor.

More Historical Facts…

In 1812, Petropavlov received the status of a town. On December 2, 1849, the Kamchatka region was formed, with the governor and the center - Petropavlov port.

In 1854, during the Crimean War, Petropavlovsk garrison repulsed the attack of the English-French fleet. The monuments dedicated to this event are located on the slopes of Nikolskaya sopka, in the historic center of the city.

In 1913, the coat of arms of the town was approved. In 1924, Petropavlovsk was renamed Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky to differ from the city of Petropavlovsk in Kazakhstan.

June 15, 1932, the Kamchatka Branch of the Pacific Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography was organized. April 21, 1933, the first professional theater was opened in the city. The local population noticeably increased in the 1930s-1940s because of the construction of a ship repair yard, mechanical plant and other industrial facilities. August 31, 1958, Kamchatka Pedagogical Institute was officially opened. It was the the first institution of higher education on the Kamchatka Peninsula.

In 1989, the city’s population reached 300,000 people. In the 1990s, there was a massive outflow of population, caused by unemployment and falling living standards. In 1993, the original coat of arms was returned to the city. November 3, 2011, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky received the honorary title “The City of Military Glory”.

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky views

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky harbor

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky harbor

Author: Natalie Fed

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky street

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky street

Author: Natalie Fed

Apartment buildings in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

Apartment buildings in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

Author: Skorduli S.V.

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky features

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is one of the oldest cities in the Far East of Russia. The city is located in the south-eastern part of the Kamchatka Peninsula, on Avachin Bay of the Pacific Ocean, about 8,200 km from Moscow. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is the most eastern city of the entire northern hemisphere with a population of more than 100,000 people. The level difference in the city is about 514 meters.

The climate is temperate, with some features of sea climate and monsoon climate. It is mild, with snowy winters, cold springs, cool summers, and relatively warm autumns. The average temperature in February (the coldest month) is minus 6.4 degrees Celsius, in August (the warmest month) - plus 15.1 degrees Celsius. The eastern coast of Kamchatka, Japan, and the Kuril Islands are the most seismically active place on Earth.

Tourism is becoming an increasingly important part of the local economy. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky travel agencies offer trips to hot springs and volcanoes, helicopter tours to the famous Valley of Geysers and Uzon Volcano, horse rides as well as sea voyages, rafting, and fishing. But still only a few tens of thousands of tourists visit Kamchatka annually.

The main branch of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky economy is fishery. There are several large fish-processing plants in the city. Fish and sea food (squids, crabs, shrimps) are mainly exported abroad - to Japan, South Korea, China. Also there are several mineral deposits in the region (gold, silver, platinum, nickel).

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is connected with other Russian cities by air and sea. The international airport Yelizovo offers flights to Moscow, Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Novosibirsk, Magadan. The sea port of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky carries out transshipment of various cargoes.

Buses are used as the main form of public transport. The city is not connected to the rest of Russia by rail, there are no railways in Kamchatka.

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky places of interest

There are three volcanos located in the immediate vicinity of the city: Kozelskiy (2,189 m), Avachinsky (2,741 m) and Koryaksky (3,456 m). Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky has several ski resorts: “Krasnaya Sopka” (the most popular among tourists), “Edelweiss”, “Extreme”, “Central”.

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky museums

  • Kamchatka State United Museum (Leninskaya Street, 20),
  • Kamchatka Regional Art Museum (Leningradskaya Street, 100, 5th floor),
  • Salmon Museum (Academician Korolev Street, 58),
  • The Museum of Kamchatka Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (Naberezhnaya Street, 18),
  • The Science Museum of the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Piypa Boulevard, 9),
  • The Geological Museum (Bering Street, 108),
  • The Military-Historical Museum of Military Forces in the North-East (Radiosvyazi Street, 69),
  • Kamchatka Exhibition Center (Leninskaya Street, 62).

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky theaters

  • Kamchatka Theater of Drama and Comedy (Leninskaya Street, 75),
  • Kamchatka Puppet Theatre (Maksutova Street, 42),
  • Kamchatka Philharmonic (Leninskaya Street, 65 (ticket window), Leningradskaya Street, 100).

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky monuments

  • The monument to Vitus Bering, the famous Russian navigator and explorer (Sovetskaya Street),
  • The monument-obelisk to Charles Clarke, the English navigator and the member of the First and Second world expeditions of James Cook (Leninskaya Street),
  • The monument to Jean-Francois La Perouse (Leninskaya Street),
  • The monument “Glory” built in honor of the successful defense of Petropavlovsk from the English-French fleet in 1854 (Nikolskaya sopka),
  • The memorial complex Mass grave of defenders of Petropavlovsk from the English-French fleet in 1854 and the monument Chapel (Leninskaya Street and Nikolskaya sopka).

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky city of Russia photos

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky pictures

Stella in honor of the founding of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

Stella in honor of the founding of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

Author: Igor Kolokolov

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky view

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky view

Author: Dmitry Rogalev

Avacha Hotel in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

Avacha Hotel in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

Author: Max Ivanuk

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky sea port

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky sea port

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky sea port

Author: Dik Konti

The questions of our visitors

Anatol asks: Petropavlovsk Kamchatskiy is so isolated city , where the food is coming from? There are no roads, railways, etc. Thanks for the info. Anatol
Expert's answer:
Most food is delivered by sea or air with the exception of seafood, fish, and bread. Therefore, food prices in this city are much higher than in most regions of Russia (about 2 times higher).
linda clark asks: How do I get to the nearest airport. I want to visit Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. I need to know how to get there.
Expert's answer:
Yelizovo airport located near Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky offers regular flights to Moscow, Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Novosibirsk, Magadan.

The comments of our visitors

p frawley
beautiful city!

Best greetings from Canada

During my vacation in Punta Cana i have met great people, Marina and Kola from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, we had great time together. I hope one day in the future i would like to visit this interesting city.

Best greetings from Canada to Kola and Marina and all people of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy from Voldi.

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