Petrozavodsk is a city in the north-eastern part of Russia, the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Karelia. It is standing on the banks of Petrozavodsk bay, Onega Lake. There are 31 ancient settlements the oldest of which is 8000 years old on the territory of the city.
Petrozavodsk population is 265,000 (2012); land area - 135 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 8142; postal codes - 185000-1850xx.
Petrozavodsk started with the gun plant, founded near the river Lososinka, the same year as the northern capital, Saint-Petersburg. The foundation of the plant, called at first Shuysky, took place on August, 29, 1703, the place for a new plant was selected by a special commission in 1702.
As the plant has been built there appeared a settlement around it. By 1717, about 3000 people lived here. In May 1773, a new cannon casting plant was founded. Very soon the new plant became the best in Russia in equipment, technology and quality of product. The first railway in Russia was built at Alexandrov plant.
Catherine II ordered to call the plant Alexandrov (during its construction the plant was called Novopetrov), and for a long time it was the only big plant in the town. The railway from Petrograd to Murmansk was built through the city in 1915.
In 1956-1991, Petrozavodsk was the capital of Karelian Autonomous Republic of the Russian Federation of the Soviet Union. Since 1991, the city is the capital of Karelia Republic.
The climate of Petrozavodsk city area is continental, with the features of sea climate. The winter is long and mild. The summer is short and cool. The weather here is changeable due to frequent cyclones from the West. Over half a year is cloudy.
The population of the city consists mainly of Russians. Besides there are Karels (20 per cent of all the Karels reside in the city) and Veps (over a half of all the Veps of Karelia and a quarter of all the Veps of Russia reside in the city). On the whole people of about 50 nationalities reside in Petrozavodsk.
There are machine-building, metal working, wood working, constructing, food industry, light and polygraphic industries in the city.
Petrozavodsk is located 1010 km far from Moscow, 412 km from Saint-Petersburg, 350 km from Finland. The federal highway E105 M18 “Kola” (Saint-Petersburg - Murmansk - Norway) goes through the city.
Besides, Petrozavodsk is the initial point of several highways: A133 Petrozavodsk - Suoyarvi and P19 Petrozavodsk - Voznesenye - Oshtinsky pogost. Petrozavodsk is a big railway juncture (to Saint-Petersburg, Murmansk, Sortavala, Kostomuksha).
The airport is 12 km to the north-east of the city. On May 30th, 2009, flights to Moscow were resumed. Also there are flights to Saint-Petersburg, Arkhangelsk, Helsinki, Cherepovets, Kostomuksha and the island of Solovki.
Petrozavodsk movie theater
Petrozavodsk railway station
The National Archive of the Republic of Karelia located in Petrozavodsk is one of the largest depositories of the 17th-21th centuries documents. It was founded in 1918.
Petrozavodsk has the status of a historical city of Russia. The main tourist attractions are:
- The Museum in the open air;
- Lenin square - former Round square, with the administrative buildings of 1775;
- Recreation Park (former Petrov park, Summer Garden - founded in 1703, the oldest park in Russia);
- Alexander Nevsky Cathedral;
- The Stone grove (with the open-cast mine - a lake): Skiing center;
- The Block of Historical buildings (Neglinnaya, Phedosov str., Malaya Slobodskaya str.);
- Kirov square (Arts Museum, 4 out 5 city theaters);
- Karl Marx Avenue.