Obninsk city, Russia

The city of Kaluga oblast.

Obninsk overview

Obninsk is a city in Russia, the first “naukograd” (“the city of science”) of the country, located in the north of the Kaluga region, about 80 km to the south-west of the Moscow Ring Road and 68 km to the north-east of Kaluga.

The population of Obninsk is about 109,300 (2015), the area - 43 sq. km.

The phone code - +7 48439, the postal codes - 249030, 249032, 249034, 249038.

Obninsk city flag

Obninsk city flag

Obninsk city coat of arms

Obninsk city coat of arms

Obninsk city map, Russia

Obninsk city map of Russia

Obninsk history

In 1946, a secret laboratory called “Laboratory B” was created on the site of the village of the boarding school named after S. Shatskii “Cheerful Life” and the former Spanish orphanage. Later, it became the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering.

The laboratory carried out research in nuclear physics. For this purpose the German specialists were invited from the laboratories of Wilhelm the Kaiser and Leipzig University as well as the best Russian specialists. As a result the first in the world nuclear power station was constructed there. It began operating on June 27, 1954.

In 1956, the settlement became a town. It was named Obninsk after the closest railway station Obninskoye. The name of the station in its turn is derived from the last name of the Obninskys who in the past owned the lands on which the railway was constructed.

Later, Obninsk developed as a scientific city specializing in nuclear physics and nuclear power engineering, meteorology, radiology, radiation chemistry, and geophysics. In 2000, Obninsk became the first Russian city which received the official status of Naukograd (Science City).

Obninsk streets

Obninsk street view

Obninsk street view

Author: Alex Yakon

Church of the Nativity in Obninsk - the view from above

Church of the Nativity in Obninsk - the view from above

Author: Alex Yakon

Obninsk architecture

Obninsk architecture

Author: Alex Yakon


Obninsk features

Obninsk is located in the continental region of the temperate zone, with cold and snowy winters and warm, humid summers. The average temperature in January is about minus 10 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 19 degrees Celsius.

The city stands at the intersection of the federal highways “Moscow-Kiev” (M3) and “Moscow-Roslavl-Brest” (A101), on the railway “Moscow-Bryansk-Kiev” (about 102 km from Kievsky railway station in Moscow). It is situated close to the main Moscow airports: Vnukovo (70 km), Sheremetyevo (130 km), Domodedovo (90 km). Also, there is a freight airport Yermolino located close to the city (15 km).

Obninsk is an internationally recognized research center. There are ten research institutes in the city. About one thousand of scientists work there. The high level of scientific research became the basis for long-term cooperation between local institutes and foreign research centers.

Obninsk views

The pavilion near Belkin ponds in Obninsk

The pavilion near Belkin ponds in Obninsk

Author: Alex Yakon

Roundabout and apartment buildings in Obninsk

Roundabout and apartment buildings in Obninsk

Author: Alex Yakon

Obninsk scenery

Obninsk scenery

Author: Alex Yakon


Obninsk places of interest

The main attractions of Obninsk are:

  • Obninsk nuclear power station - the first nuclear power station in the world. Today, it is used as an experimental and research base as well as an excursion place and a museum (Bondarenko Square, 1);
  • Obninsk History Museum also serving as a local history museum and an art museum as well as the main exhibition area of the city (Lenina Avenue, 128);
  • Bugry, an estate built in the 19th century, located in the park in the southeastern part of the city. In the 20th century, it was the dacha of the artist P.P.Konchalovsky;
  • In the northwest of Obninsk you can find the remnants of Belkino, an estate founded in the 18th century with Boris and Gleb Church (1773). Near it there is a row of Belkinsky ponds and a restored Belkinsky park with a sweethearts pavilion and a decorative bridge;
  • The most prominent landmark of Obninsk is the 310-meter meteorological mast. It is the highest meteorological tower in Europe;
  • In the 1950s-1960s, German prisoners constructed the Old City by Leningrad architects’ design - the most beautiful part of the city and the only district where one can enjoy historical buildings;
  • The old water tower in the Old City;
  • Church of the Nativity on Aksyonov square. Although it was constructed recently it is the main city church and is remarkable for delicate interior and golden domes;
  • The monument to the nuclear submarine fleet erected at the corner of Kurchatov and Pobeda streets in 2009.

Obninsk city of Russia photos

Obninsk places

Morozova's dacha (Turliki) on Pirogova Street, 1 in Obninsk

Morozova's dacha (Turliki) on Pirogova Street, 1 in Obninsk

Author: Alex Yakon

Church of the Nativity in Obninsk

Church of the Nativity in Obninsk

Author: Alex Yakon

Church of Boris and Gleb in Belkino, Obninsk

Church of Boris and Gleb in Belkino, Obninsk

Author: Alex Yakon


Obninsk pictures

The main office building of the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering in Obninsk

The main office building of the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering in Obninsk

Author: Alex Yakon

Shopping center in Obninsk

Shopping center in Obninsk

Author: Alex Yakon


Obninsk - the view from the roof


The questions of our visitors

Andrew asks: Could you tell me some sites where I can find hotels in Obninsk?
Expert's answer:
The following lists of hotels available in Obninsk will probably be useful (first, second). You can use the following service to automatically translate sites from Russian.

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