Magas (meaning “sun city” in the Ingush language) is a city located in southern Russia, the capital of Ingushetia Republic. It is the smallest and youngest administrative center in Russia.
The population of Magas is about 5,800 (2015), the area - 12 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 8734, the postal code - 386000.
Magas was founded by Ruslan Aushev, the president of Ingushetia from March 1993 to December 2001, in February 23, 1994.
April 15, 1994, the Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed a decree #778 “On the construction of the capital of the Republic of Ingushetia”. This day is celebrated as the “Day of the city of Magas.”
In December 2000, Magas officially became the capital of Ingushetia.
It occupies the place, where there was an ancient town with the same name in the past. It is for the first time since Peter the Great that a town is intentionally built as the capital of the region.
Magas is located 4 km southeast of Nazran, less than 500 meters from the border of Ingushetia and North Ossetia, 6-8 meters above the Sunzha River and 520-650 meters above sea level. From here you can see a picturesque silhouette of Nazran.
Nazran railway station is located about 8 km from the city, the distance to the airport “Magas” - 33 km. The federal highway “Caucasus” passes near Magas. Urban public transport was launched in early 2015 and operates daily from 7 am to 10 pm.
The center is formed mainly by the government buildings. To the east of them, you can find the main street of Magas, where various administrative, business, and trade centers are located. The main building of Ingush State University is located in the city.
Magas places of interest
- Harmony Tower, a 100-meter high tower built in a traditional Ingush style in 2013,
- Alania Square,
- The Alley of the Republic,
- The Alley named after the First President of the Chechen Republic A.A. Kadyrov,
- The Alley of the 80th Anniversary of the Ingush Statehood,
- The Alley of Sports Hall of Fame,
- The Alley “Mothers of Russia”,
- The Monument to the Mother.